Zacharias of Jerusalem was the Patriarch of Jerusalem of the Church of Jerusalem from 609 to 632. Zacharias spent most of his patriarchate as a prisoner of the Sasanian Persian King of Kings Khosrau II following the Sasanian conquest of Jerusalem. He is commemorated by the Eastern Orthodox Church on February 21.
The early life of Zacharias is unknown. He was elected patriarch in 609. During the reign of the Byzantine emperor Herakleios, the Sasanians invaded Byzantine Syria, taking Jerusalem in 614. According to Sebeos, they seized the True Cross in addition to taking tens of thousands of Christian prisoners, including Zacharias.
In 627, after rebuilding his army, Herakleios counter-attacked into Persia. Winning a decisive victory at Nineveh, Herakleios compelled the Persians to return the True Cross and the surviving captives, including Patriarch Zacharias.
Patriarch Zacharias spent his remaining days in peace until his death in 632. Patriarch Modestus, who had acted as locum tenens during Patriarch Zacharias's captivity, succeeded him on the patriarchal throne.
Zacharias in "The Banner of Kaviyan"
- Arabesques: More Tales of the Arabian Nights, pg. 229, mmpb.
|Patriarch of Jerusalem
(Modestus as locum tenens, 614-627)