Continent: Europe
Capital: Belgrade
National Language: Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian and Slovene
Government: Monarchy (1918-1941)
Socialist republic (1945–1992)
Status in OTL: Inactive

Yugoslavia refers to several political entities in the Balkans region which existed between 1919 and 2003. Since that latter date, there is no state that officially uses that name.

The first Yugoslavia, briefly called the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, was a large multi-ethnic kingdom created by the victorious allies after World War I. For a matter of days in 1941, Yugoslavia was a full fledged member of the Axis. However, after the ruling prince was overthrown, Germany invaded and conquered the country, setting up several puppet states including Croatia and Serbia while annexing other territory.

After the War, Josip Tito, a leader of the resistance movement and a devout Communist, eventually gained control of the country, establishing the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Tito successfully removed Yugoslavia from the Soviet sphere of influence, and for the remainder of his life, Tito successfully kept the various ethnic and religious populations at peace. Upon his death, Yugoslavia disintegrated into several smaller states, with substantial bloodshed. A new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, a rump state, was established in 1992. In 2003 it discarded the name Yugoslavia and began to call itself the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, then in 2006 it dissolved into Serbia and Montenegro, two separate states.

What was once Yugoslavia is now divided among seven countries: Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, North Macedonia, and Kosovo. As of this writing, there has been no noticeable effort to restore "Yugoslavia" as the name of any functioning political entity.

Yugoslavia in The Guns of the South[]

Some of the AK-47s delivered to the Army of Northern Virginia by Andries Rhoodie carried stamps proclaiming them to have been made in Yugoslavia. Neither General Robert E. Lee nor any member of his staff had ever heard of such a country, and no one was able to find any mention of it in any atlas or map they consulted. Confederate President Jefferson Davis and Secretary of War James Seddon were also unfamiliar with this country.

Yugoslavia in The Hot War[]

Although ruled by the Communist Marshal Tito, Yugoslavia was not an ally of the Soviet Union, which considered the country and its leader "deviationist". Thus, Yugoslavia stayed neutral at the outbreak of World War III. Nonetheless, one Soviet Tu-4 violated Yugoslav airspace, undetected, on its way to bomb Bordeaux, France.[1]

Yugoslavia remained neutral throughout the war. In mid-1952, Marshal Tito agreed to act as an intermediary between the United States and the People's Republic of China, who were still battling in Korea even after the fighting in Europe had ceased.[2]

Yugoslavia in In the Presence of Mine Enemies[]

The former Yugoslavia was an occupied territory of the Greater German Reich in 2010.

Yugoslavia in The Man With the Iron Heart[]

The stiff and brutal resistance Germany met in Yugoslavia was remembered bitterly even after World War II. Nevertheless, German Freedom Front leader Reinhard Heydrich made use of the tactics developed by the Yugoslav freedom fighters.

Yugoslavia in "Ready for the Fatherland"[]

Yugoslavia was abolished by the Germans during World War II, and the fascistic Independent State of Croatia was given hegemony (under German oversight) over the states that had formed that nation. In 1979, the British were obligated to help the Croatians maintain that hegemony over their Serb subjects in exchange for access to German off-shore oil wells.

Yugoslavia in Worldwar[]

Yugoslavia had been dismembered by Germany and other Axis Powers just over a year before the Race Invasion of Tosev 3. After the invasion, the region remained under German control, though the Race unsuccessfully attempted to lure the Independent State of Croatia into their orbit in 1943.

After the Peace of Cairo in 1944, Germany annexed all former Yugoslav territories and absorbed them into the Greater German Reich.


  1. Bombs Away, pg. 310, ebook.
  2. Armistice, pgs. 275-278, paperback; pgs. 277-280, loc. 4403-4463, ebook.