François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), better known by the pen name Voltaire, was a French Enlightenment writer, essayist, and philosopher known for his wit, philosophical sport, and defense of civil liberties, including freedom of religion and free trade.
He was an outspoken supporter of social reform. He frequently made use of his works to criticize the Catholic Church and certain French institutions of his day.
Voltaire was one of several Enlightenment figures whose works and ideas influenced important thinkers of both the American and French Revolutions.
Voltaire's theatrical plays are often regarded as being the weakest of his writings, and were rarely performed in the 20th and 21st centuries.
General Victor Radcliff, in conversation with Sergeant Blaise Black, quoted Cawthorne quoting the same epitaph ("Pour encourager les autres") when explaining what would become of the Nouveau Redon quartermasters if they should prove negligent in their duties.Marquis de La Fayette was also familiar with this saying from his countryman.