While the modern state of Russia was formed 1547, many historians consider the various monarchies that existed prior to 1547 when discussing a Russian "monarchy". These include the Princes of Novgorod, the Grand Princes of Kiev, the Grand Princes of Vladimir, and the Grand Princes of Moscow. It was under the Grand Princes of Moscow that a true Russian state was unified in 1547, with Ivan IV the Terrible proclaiming himself the Tsar of all the Russias. Peter the Great proclaimed Russia an empire in 1721, and successfully made Russia into a European power. The monarchy was overthrown during the Russian Revolution in 1917, and the reigning emperor, Nicholas II and his immediate family were executed in 1918. While there are a number of claimants to the throne, all subsequent Russian governments have been republics, and no serious effort has been made to restore the empire.
The Russian monarchy was threatened as a consequence of the country's participation in the Great War. In 1917,after Russia and its allies suffered terrible losses, Russian socialists launched an uprising against Nicholas II that soon became a revolution and then a civil war throughout the remainder of the 1910s and into the 1920s. By the mid-1920s, the Red faction had been defeated, and Nicholas retained his throne. He was succeeded by his brother, Mikhail II in the 1930s.
|Mikhail II||1932(?)-Incumbent at series end, 1945|
Alexander I, who reigned in the early 19th century as he did in OTL. He's only mentioned in passing, and his reign is not discussed in any detail.
- The incumbent tsar in 1995 is referenced throughout the novel, but is unnamed.
In addition to the above, Harry Turtledove has written several stories in which the Monarch of Russia plays a prominent role or, at a minimum, in which the incumbent is referenced.
In addition to Southern Victory, Nicholas II has his throne preserved in the story "Uncle Alf" after the Great War proves to be fairly short, and Germany comes to his rescue. He continues to reign into 1929, the year in which the story is set.
Nicholas II is also implicitly the monarch at the point of divergence of Curious Notions. While Russia went through a long civil war that continued into 1930s, the final fate of Nicholas and the Russian monarchy is unrevealed. While there are several passing references to incumbent monarchs in 2096, the year the novel is set, the Russian tsar is not one of the them.