Harry Turtledove has altered the long lived monarchy of Persia, later known as Iran, in several works.

Agent of Byzantium

The Persian Empire was the Roman Empire's chief rival. It was ruled by the King of Kings, assisted by the Grand Wazir.

Known Kings of Kings:

"Counting Potsherds"

Under Khsrish I the Conqueror, the Persian Empire completely subdued the Yauna. While Persia remained master of the Western world four centuries later, its royal family was not immune to the temptation of kinslaying.

King of Kings Dynasty
Khsrish I Xerxes.jpg Achaemenid
Numerous unnamed kings
(Presumably including Khsrish II and Khsrish III)
Marduniya Nophoto.jpg
Khsrish IV Nophoto.jpg
(Incumbent at story's end)

Crosstime Traffic

The Iranian monarchy was overthrown in 1979 by the Islamic Republic, which was controlled by the Ayatollahs. In the 21st century, the international community overthrew the Republic and restored the monarchy. In 2097, the incumbent Shah and Prime Minister ruled from a precarious position.

Other monarchs

Darius II is referenced as the incumbent monarch in "The Daimon."

Khusrau I is referenced in "The Fake Pandemic", a story by Harry Turtledove set in the timeline of Lest Darkness Fall by L. Sprague de Camp.

In The Case of the Toxic Spell Dump, an unnamed Shahanshah was deposed c. 1979 by a secularist government, which is still in power at the novel's end in 1993.

See also