Throughout its long history, Persia, later known as Iran, has had a variety of governments, most of them monarchical in nature. Since 1979, Iran has been a republic. The fiction of Harry Turtledove has altered the history and government of Persia aka Iran in numerous ways.
Known Kings of Kings:
Known Grand Wazirs:
Under Khsrish I the Conqueror, the Persian Empire completely subdued the Yauna. While Persia remained master of the Western world four centuries later, its royal family was not immune to the temptation of kinslaying.
|King of Kings|
|Numerous unnamed kings|
(Presumably including Khsrish II and Khsrish III)
(Incumbent at story's end)
The Iranian monarchy was overthrown in 1979 by the Islamic Republic, which was controlled by the Ayatollahs. In the 21st century, the international community overthrew the Republic and restored the monarchy. In 2097, the incumbent Shah and Prime Minister ruled from a precarious position.
In Supervolcano: Eruption, the Grand Ayatollah and President of Iran briefly appear via television. It is unclear whether they survive the sudden war with Israel, and the matter is dropped for the rest of the series.
In Through Darkest Europe, Persia is referenced in numerous plot points. It appears to retain a monarchy in 2018, though no rulers are mentioned. While the Grand Ayatollah in Qom is referenced, it is not clear whether he holds any political position.
Historical rulers in non-ruling roles
- King of Kings of Makuran, a fictional monarchy in the Videssos Series, closely modeled on the historical Persian monarchy.