The University of California, Berkeley (also referred to as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, California or simply Cal), is a public research university located in Berkeley, California. The university occupies 6,651 acres (2,692 ha) on the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay with the central campus resting on approximately 200 acres (81 ha). Berkeley offers approximately 300 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. Established in 1868 as the result of merger of the private College of California and the public Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College in Oakland, Berkeley is the oldest of the ten major campuses affiliated with the University of California (UC). Berkeley has been charged with providing both "classical" and "practical" education for the state's people and is generally considered to be the flagship institution in the University of California system.