Tunis (Arabic: تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as Grand Tunis, has some 2,700,000 inhabitants.

Situated on the Gulf of Tunis on the Mediterranean Sea, behind the Lake of Tunis and the port of La Goulette (Ḥalq il-Wād), the city extends along the coastal plain and the hills that surround it. At its core lies its ancient medina, a World Heritage Site. East of the medina through the Sea Gate (also known as the Bab el Bhar and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville Nouvelle, traversed by the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (often referred to by popular press and travel guides as "the Tunisian Champs-Élysées"), where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to smaller, older structures. Further east by the sea lie the suburbs of Carthage, La Marsa, and Sidi Bou Said. As the national capital, Tunis is the focus of Tunisian political and administrative life; it is also the center of the country's commercial and cultural activities.

Tunis in Through Darkest Europe[]

Tunis was the capital of the Republican Sultanate of the Maghrib.[1]


  1. Through Darkest Europe, loc. 810, ebook.