United States (born a British subject)
Date of Birth:
Date of Death:
Cause of Death:
Several infections in combination with advanced age
Deist (raised in Episcopalianism)
Politician, Political Philosopher, Revolutionary, Ambassador, Educator, Author of Non-Fiction Inventor, Horticulturalist
Martha Wayles Skelton (d. 1782)
Martha "Patsy", Jane Randolph (d. 1775), Peter (d. 1777), Mary "Polly" (d. 1804), Lucy Elizabeth I (d. 1781), Lucy Elizabeth II (d. 1784)
Governor of Virginia, U.S. Secretary of State, Vice President of the United States, President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 - July 4, 1826) was a founding father of the United States. He authored the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and served as the third President of the United States from 1801-1809, as well as the first Secretary of State (under George Washington) and the second Vice President (under John Adams). During his presidency, he made the Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803, which very nearly doubled the country's territory. (The Louisiana Purchase contained not just Louisiana, but also the territory which became several other states, including South Dakota).
Jefferson achieved distinction as, among other things, a horticulturist, statesman, architect, archaeologist, inventor, and founder of the University of Virginia. He also served as governor of
Virginia from 1779-1781 and ambassador to France from 1785-1789 (succeeding Benjamin Franklin).
War of Secession, Thomas Jefferson's status as a Virginian (and more substantively, his insistence on a weak central government) tarnished his memory considerably in the United States. His Northern contemporaries, such as John Adams and Alexander Hamilton, were viewed much more favorably.
Nevertheless, Jefferson joined
George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt as the most memorable presidents in US history, though of the four only Roosevelt was viewed in an entirely positive light.
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