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Seoul, officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea, forming the heart of the Seoul Capital Area, which includes the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province, the world's second largest metropolitan area with over 25.6 million people. It is home to over half of all South Koreans along with 678,102 international residents. With a population of over 10 million, the megacity is the second largest city proper in the OECD.

Situated on the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back more than two thousand years when it was founded in 18 BCE by Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. It continued as the capital of Korea under the Joseon Dynasty.

Seoul in The Hot War[]

Seoul was quickly occupied by North Korea early in the Korean War. United Nations forces, under the command of General Douglas MacArthur retook it shortly after.[1] However, after the People's Republic of China entered the war in October 1950, communist forces were able to retake Seoul in December. They continued to hold the city even after the Korean War spiraled into World War III.[2]


  1. Bombs Away, pg. 39, ebook.
  2. Ibid.