|Second Sino-Japanese War|
|China (Nationalist Government led a Chinese united front which included Nationalists, Communists, and regional warlords.)|| Japan
|Commanders and leaders|
| Chiang Kai-Shek (KMT)|
Mao Tse-Tung (PLA)
Claire Lee Chennault
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict that was primarily waged between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945. It is known as the War of Resistance (Chinese: 中国抗日战争; pinyin: Zhōngguó Kàngrì Zhànzhēng; lit. "Chinese War of Resistance Against Japan") in China. Most historians mark the start of the war with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937 in which a dispute between Japanese and Chinese troops escalated into a battle. However, sources in the modern People's Republic of China date the beginning of the war to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931, though military conflict between the two was more intermittent until 1937.
China fought Japan with aid from the Soviet Union and the United States. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the war merged with other conflicts of World War II. As the fighting from 1937 to 1945 was basically continuous, an emerging school of historiography considers July 7, 1937 the "actual" start date of World War II.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was the largest Asian war in the 20th century. It accounted for the majority of civilian and military casualties in the Pacific War, with between 10 and 25 million Chinese civilians and over 4 million Chinese and Japanese military personnel dying from war-related violence, famine, and other causes.
On August 15, 1945, following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the Soviet Union invasion of Japanese-held Manchuria, Japan capitulated to Allied forces. Japan continued to occupy part of China's territory until it formally surrendered on September 2, 1945. The remaining Japanese occupation forces (excluding Manchuria) formally surrendered on September 9, 1945.
Sino-Japanese relations were generally frosty for some time after.
Second Sino-Japanese War in Days of Infamy
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a proving ground for many of the Japanese soldiers and sailors who conquered Hawaii. Many found occupation duty on the islands to be far less dangerous, as few of the Hawaiians were as rebellious as the Chinese.
Second Sino-Japanese War in In the Presence of Mine Enemies
Second Sino-Japanese War in Worldwar
The Second Sino-Japanese War was halted (along with World War II) by the invasion of the Race's Conquest Fleet in 1942, when many Japanese forces were driven from mainland China by Race forces, and those Japanese that remained fought the Race side by side with both China's Nationalists and Communists.