Second Sino-Japanese War
Timeline OTL
Date July 1937 - September 1945
Location East Asia
Result Chinese victory
ChinaROC.jpgCCP.jpg China (Nationalist Government led a Chinese united front which included Nationalists, Communists, and regional warlords.)

Foreign support:
Soviet.jpg Soviet Union (1937–41, 1944–45)
USA48star.jpg United States (1941–45)
Britain.jpg United Kingdom and British Empire (1942–45)

Japan.jpg Japan

Collaborator support:
Reorganized National Government (Wang Jingwei regime) (1940–45)
Manchukuo.jpg Manchukuo (1932–45)
Mengjiang (1936–45)
Provisional Government (1937–40)
Reformed Government (1938–40)
East Hebei (1935–38)

Commanders and leaders
ChinaROC.jpg Chiang Kai-Shek (KMT)
PRCflag.png Mao Tse-Tung (PLA)
ChinaROC.jpg He Yingqin
ChinaROC.jpg Chen Cheng
ChinaROC.jpg Cheng Qian
ChinaROC.jpg Bai Chongxi
ChinaROC.jpg Li Zongren
ChinaROC.jpg Wei Lihuang
ChinaROC.jpg Yan Xishan
ChinaROC.jpg Xue Yue
ChinaROC.jpg Gu Zhutong
ChinaROC.jpg Fu Zuoyi
ChinaROC.jpg Zhang Fakui
ChinaROC.jpg Sun Lianzhong
CCP.jpg Zhu De
CCP.jpg Peng Dehuai
USA48star.jpg Joseph Stilwell
USA48star.jpg Claire Lee Chennault
Soviet.jpg Vasily Chuikov
Japan.jpg Hirohito
Empire of Japan flag.png Shunroku Hata
Empire of Japan flag.png Yasuji Okamura
Empire of Japan flag.png Kotohito Kan'in
Empire of Japan flag.png Hajime Sugiyama
Empire of Japan flag.png Toshizō Nishio
Empire of Japan flag.png Hisaichi Terauchi
Empire of Japan flag.png Hayao Tada
Empire of Japan flag.png Iwane Matsui
Empire of Japan flag.png Yasuhiko Asaka
Empire of Japan flag.png Seishirō Itagaki
Empire of Japan flag.png Hideki Tōjō
Empire of Japan flag.png Yoshijirō Umezu
Empire of Japan flag.png Naozaburo Okabe
Manchukuo.jpg Puyi
Wang Jingwei
Chen Gongbo

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict that was primarily waged between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945. It is known as the War of Resistance (Chinese: 中国抗日战争; pinyin: Zhōngguó Kàngrì Zhànzhēng; lit. "Chinese War of Resistance Against Japan") in China. Most historians mark the start of the war with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937 in which a dispute between Japanese and Chinese troops escalated into a battle. However, sources in the modern People's Republic of China date the beginning of the war to the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931, though military conflict between the two was more intermittent until 1937.

China fought Japan with aid from the Soviet Union and the United States. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, the war merged with other conflicts of World War II. As the fighting from 1937 to 1945 was basically continuous, an emerging school of historiography considers July 7, 1937 the "actual" start date of World War II.

The Second Sino-Japanese War was the largest Asian war in the 20th century. It accounted for the majority of civilian and military casualties in the Pacific War, with between 10 and 25 million Chinese civilians and over 4 million Chinese and Japanese military personnel dying from war-related violence, famine, and other causes.

On August 15, 1945, following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the Soviet Union invasion of Japanese-held Manchuria, Japan capitulated to Allied forces. Japan continued to occupy part of China's territory until it formally surrendered on September 2, 1945. The remaining Japanese occupation forces (excluding Manchuria) formally surrendered on September 9, 1945.

Sino-Japanese relations were generally frosty for some time after.

Second Sino-Japanese War in Days of Infamy[]

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a proving ground for many of the Japanese soldiers and sailors who conquered Hawaii. Many found occupation duty on the islands to be far less dangerous, as few of the Hawaiians were as rebellious as the Chinese.

Second Sino-Japanese War in In the Presence of Mine Enemies[]

The Sino-Japanese War concluded with Japan's conquest of all China.

Second Sino-Japanese War in Worldwar[]

The Second Sino-Japanese War was halted (along with World War II) by the invasion of the Race's Conquest Fleet in 1942, when many Japanese forces were driven from mainland China by Race forces, and those Japanese that remained fought the Race side by side with both China's Nationalists and Communists.