Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated municipality.
The city of Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River. Its history spans over two and a half thousand years. It was the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, which was a major political and cultural influence in the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea for over seven hundred years from the 1st Century BC until the 7th Century AD. Since the 2nd Century AD Rome has been the seat of the Papacy and, after the end of Byzantine domination, in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic. Since 1929, it has been the site of the Vatican, an independent city-state presided over by the Pope.
In another alternate, unknown to Crosstime Traffic until the slavery scandal forced it to their attention, Rome was the center of an insignificant Republic which was nipped in the bud during the Samnite Wars and did not have any significant influence on European history.
By AD 9, Rome was a thoroughly cosmopolitan city. Immigrants from all over the Empire had come there hoping to strike it rich. Such immigrants were generally not to be found in the Palatine neighborhood where the seat of government lay.
Rome, seat of the Papacy, was the center of the dwindling Christian world. In 769, Pope Constantine II sent a delegation from Rome to the court of the Bulgars, a tribe teetering on the choice between adopting Christianity or Islam.