Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
Robert Cecil.jpg
Historical Figure
Nationality: England
Date of Birth: 1563
Date of Death: 1612
Cause of Death: Cancer
Religion: Anglicanism
Occupation: Nobleman, Politician, Spymaster
Parents: William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley;
Mildred Cooke
Spouse: Elizabeth Brooke
Children: William, Frances
Relatives: Anthony and Francis Bacon (first cousins)
Political Office(s): Member of Parliament for Westminster and Hertfordshire,
Privy Councillor,
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Fictional Appearances:
Ruled Britannia
POD: July-August, 1588
Type of Appearance: Direct

Sir Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, KG, PC (1 June 1563 – 24 May 1612), son of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, and half-brother of Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, was a statesman, spymaster and minister to Queen Elizabeth I and King James I. His efforts insured that the Scottish King James VI succeeded the childless Elizabeth as ruler of England.

Robert Cecil in Ruled Britannia

Robert Cecil was an English nobleman. His father was William Cecil, Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth before the conquest of England by the Spanish Armada in 1588.

Both as English nationalists and as Protestants, both Cecils were strongly opposed to the rule of the Spanish-backed Hapsburg monarchs Queen Isabella and King Albert. Robert Cecil assisted his father in planning an uprising against the Spanish authorities to coincide with the death of Isabella's father, Spain's King Philip II. The elder Cecil predeceased Philip by several months, and the actual execution of the uprising fell to Robert.

Following the success of the uprising and the restoration of Elizabeth to the throne, Cecil was her primary advisor. Since the Privy Council had been decimated by the Spanish, Cecil was the only advisor to report directly to the Queen, making him perhaps the second-most powerful individual in England.

Robert had a pronounced hump on his upper back, and was irreverently referred to as "Hunchback Bob", unbeknownst to him.

Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Francis Walsingham
Secretary of State of England
Succeeded by
Sir Ralph Winwood
In commission
Title last held by
Sir Thomas Heneage
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In commission
Title next held by
Sir John Fortescue
Preceded by
William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley
Lord Privy Seal
Succeeded by
Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton
Preceded by
Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset
Lord High Treasurer
In commission
First Lord: Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton