"Progressive Party" was a name used by a series of political parties in the United States in the first held of the 20th century.
The first and most famous Progressive Party, known informally as the "Bull Moose Party," existed from 1912 through 1916. Many Progressives were never formally affiliated with the party at all; quite a few were Republicans who supported Progressive candidates rather than Republicans. Others supported the Progressive platform while belonging to another party. Despite its short lifespan, the Progressive Party holds a special place in American political history. In 1912, the Progressives' Presidential ticket of Theodore Roosevelt and Hiram Johnson became the most successful third party ticket since the founding of the modern American two-party system; however, the ticket still finished so far behind the victorious Democratic ticket of Woodrow Wilson and Thomas Marshall that they realized they could never become a serious contender. The Progressive 1916 convention nominated Roosevelt again, but he refused to accept the nomination and campaigned for the Republican candidate, Charles Evans Hughes. The party dissolved promptly thereafter with most of its members rejoining the Republican Party.
Former Wisconsin governor Robert M. La Follette attempted to revive the party in 1924, but he was able to create only a rump party, and the ticket of La Follette and Burton Wheeler finished a distant third-place behind incumbent Republican President Calvin Coolidge and Democratic candidate John W. Davis. Since then, several other tickets have run under the Progressive banner, all of them inconsequential. The last Progressive ticket in a Presidential election consisted of Henry Wallace and Glen Taylor in 1948, which finished in a distant fourth place in the election, and carried no electoral votes. In 1955, the last American political entity to use the name "Progressive Party" was dissolved; as of this writing, no revival has been attempted.
In their heyday, the Progressives ultimately managed to elect two Senators, thirteen Congressmen, a governor, a lieutenant governor, and a number of lower state and local officers.
The Progressive Party was legal in the West Coast People's Democratic Republic, but it was not favored the way the Communist Party was. Moreover, the Progressive Party didn't function as a opposition party. Consequently, the Progressive Party was viewed with the same kind of skepticism that the CPWCPDR was.
- ↑ Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction September/October, 2018, ebook.