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Portugal
Portugalmap.jpg
Portugal.jpg
Country
Continent: Europe
Capital: Lisbon
National Language: Portugese
Government: Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Status in OTL: Active

Portugal is a parliamentary republic in southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. Being the westernmost country of mainland Europe, Portugal is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are also part of Portugal.

During the 15th and 16th centuries, with a global empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia, and South America, Portugal was one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. In 1580 it was united with Spain by a period called the Iberian Union; however, in 1640 it went on to re-establish total sovereignty and independence during the Portuguese Restoration War that resulted in the establishment of a new dynasty and a return to the previous separation between the two crowns and empires.

The 1755 Lisbon earthquake, Spanish and French invasions, which preceded the loss of its largest territorial possession abroad, Brazil, resulted in both the disruption of political stability and potential economic growth as well as the reduction of Portugal's international status as a global power during the 19th century. After the overthrow of the monarchy in 1910, a republic was established that was then followed by a dictatorship until 1974. With the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution coup d'état in 1974, the ruling dictatorship was deposed in Lisbon and the country handed over its last overseas provinces (most prominently Angola and Mozambique in Africa); the last overseas territory, Macau, was handed over to China in 1999.

Portugal in Atlantis[]

Portugal was able to establish itself in Terranova, but not in Atlantis.

Portugal in Crosstime Traffic[]

Portugal in Curious Notions[]

Flag of the Kingdom of Portugal.

In an alternate designated "3477", where Germany won a brief war in 1914, Portugal's monarchy, overthrown in 1910, was restored, and remained in power at the end of the 21st century. Paul Gomes read newspaper accounts of the Portuguese king's activities shortly after his arrival in the alternate.[1]

Portugal in In High Places[]

Portugal threw off Muslim rule in the 13th century. This independence did not last, as the Great Black Deaths killed 80% of the European population in the 14th century, leading to Portugal's reconquest in the 15th.[2]

Portugal in A Different Flesh[]

Portugal established some colonies in the Americas, but none of them truly flourished.[3]

Portugal in In the Presence of Mine Enemies[]

Portugal was one of the independent allies of the Greater German Reich, and had colonies in Africa.[4]

Portugal in "Last Flight of the Swan of the East"[]

In August, 1914, Portugal was still neutral in the Great War. Belligerents did not interfere with Portuguese colonial possessions.[5]

Portugal in The Man With the Iron Heart[]

Despite having a essentially Fascist government, Portugal remained neutral throughout World War II. It did provide a safe-haven to various Nazi officials fleeing Germany after the war, including some members of the German Freedom Front.[6]

Portugal in Ruled Britannia[]

Flag of Portugal at the end of the 16th century.

Portugal was integrated into the Spanish Crown of King Philip II after a succession war in the 1580s. The Portuguese capital of Lisbon served as a port to launch the Spanish Armada against England in 1588[7], which included several Portuguese-built ships like the San Juan and the San Mateo de Portugal. Some of these ships continued to supply the Spanish occupation force in England a decade after its conquest.[8]

When Baltasar Guzmán stated that conversion of the whole world to Catholicism would bring world peace, his subordinate Lope de Vega reminded him that sharing the Catholic faith had not prevented the Spaniards and Portuguese from waging war against each other.[9]

Portugal in State of Jefferson[]

Portugal colonized Flores Island in the 16th century. The explorers discovered that the island was home to a diminutive indigenous people, whom they dubbed Duendes, after a Portuguese analog of goblins or leprechauns. In the 20th century, these people came to be known as hobbits.[10]

Portugal in Through Darkest Europe[]

The Kingdom of Portugal sent its Crown Prince to Rome in AD 2018 to attend the funeral of Cosimo III, Grand Duke of Italy. No other Portuguese dignitaries attended.[11]

Portugal in The Two Georges[]

Along with the Franco-Spanish Holy Alliance, the Portuguese Empire dominated South America in the late 20th century, with its colony of Brazil. It also had the two respectably large colonies of Angola and Mozambique in Africa.[12]

Portugal in The War That Came Early[]

José Sanjurjo fled to Portugal in 1934 after he launched a failed coup in Spain. In 1936, with the launch of the Spanish Civil War, Sanjurjo returned home, grateful to get away from Portugal.[13]

After the Spanish Civil War was absorbed into the Second World War in 1938 Portugal proclaimed its neutrality. American Peggy Druce considered traveling to Lisbon as an intermediate stage to return to the United States, but was immediately discouraged since she would have to cross war-torn Spain to accomplish it.[14]

After the death of Marshal Sanjurjo in the Fall of 1943 and the collapse of the Spanish Nationalist cause, António de Oliveira Salazar allowed various Nationalist commanders to take refuge in Portugal.[15]

Portugal in Worldwar[]

Portugal remained neutral during the abortive World War II. However, it was conquered by the Race's Conquest Fleet shortly after it landed in 1942. It was recognized as a Race colony after the Peace of Cairo in 1944. It was one of the Race's three European colonies along with Poland and Spain.[16]

References[]

  1. Curious Notions, pg. 43, MMP.
  2. In High Places, pg. 32, mmp.
  3. A Different Flesh, p. 63.
  4. In the Presence of Mine Enemies, pg. 26, HC.
  5. Leviathans: Armored Skies, pgs. 313-314 , loc. 4489-4529, ebook.
  6. The Man With the Iron Heart, pg. 514, TPB.
  7. Ruled Britannia, pg. 42
  8. Ibid, pg. 303
  9. Ibid, pg. 102
  10. https://www.tor.com/2020/01/08/tie-a-yellow-ribbon-harry-turtledove/
  11. Through Darkest Europe, p. 86.
  12. Map The Two Georges, frontispiece.
  13. Hitler's War, pgs. 3-6, TPB.
  14. West and East, pg. 251, TPB.
  15. Last Orders, pg. 287.
  16. See the Colonization map.
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