Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-ColumbianAmerica. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.
Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions.
Peru was one of the three large colonies making up SpanishSouth America, a major component of the Franco-Spanish Holy Alliance. The territory administered extended deep inland, and far southward, taking up most of the continent's Pacific shore.
Six centuries prior, the Inca had been effectively conquered by Spain, but a group of Inca created the settlement of Vilcabamba. They were able to keep back Spanish control for forty years until Spain crushed Vilcabamba once and for all.
Peru was one of the few places that the Japanese did not invade during their aggressive strikes in January 1941. Alistair Walsh deliberately scanned the London Times for news of a Japanese landing there, and found its absence to be the best comfort he had at the moment.
Following the 1941 British Military Coup, various British officials who had collaborated with the Nazis during the Hess Agreement period were reassigned to diplomatic posts in far-off neutral countries where they couldn't cause trouble. One of these men was assigned to Peru.