Pancho Villa, Doroteo Arango
Historical Figure
Nationality: Mexico
Date of Birth: 1878
Date of Death: 1923
Cause of Death: Shot to death
Religion: Catholicism
Occupation: Revolutionary, Politician, Soldier
Spouse: Five wives, simultaneously
Children: At least five
Military Branch: Antireeleccionista revolutionary forces
Political Office(s): Governor of Chihuahua
Fictional Appearances:
Southern Victory
POD: September 10, 1862
Appearance(s): American Front;
Walk in Hell
Type of Appearance: Contemporary references
Nationality: Confederate States (from 1881), born in Empire of Mexico
Political Party: Radical Liberal Party
José Doroteo Arango Arámbula (5 June 1878 – 20 July 1923) – better known by his pseudonym Francisco Villa or his nickname Pancho Villa – was one of the most prominent Mexican Revolutionary generals.

As commander of the División del Norte, he was the veritable caudillo of the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua, which, given its size, mineral wealth, and proximity to the United States, provided him with extensive resources. Villa was also provisional Governor of Chihuahua in 1913 and 1914.

Villa and his supporters seized hacienda land for distribution to peasants and soldiers. He robbed and commandeered trains and, like the other revolutionary generals, printed fiat money to pay for his cause.

Villa's dominance in northern Mexico was broken in 1915 through a series of defeats he suffered at Celaya and Agua Prieta at the hands of Álvaro Obregón and Plutarco Elías Calles. After Villa's famous raid on Columbus, New Mexico, in 1916, United States Army General John Pershing tried unsuccessfully to capture Villa in a nine-month pursuit that ended when the United States entered into World War I and Pershing was called back. Villa retired in 1920 and was given a large estate, which he turned into a "military colony" for his former soldiers. In 1923, he decided to reinvolve himself in Mexican politics and as a result was assassinated, most likely on the orders of Obregón.

Pancho Villa in Southern Victory

Doroteo Arango of Chihuahua was the Radical Liberal Party's candidate for the Confederate Presidency[1] in 1915, the second year of the Great War. Often described as a young fire-eater, he promised to prosecute the war more vigorously than Woodrow Wilson had.[2] Despite these appealing attributes, he was soundly defeated by incumbent Whig Vice President Gabriel Semmes.[3]


Political offices
Preceded by
Salvador R. Mercado
Governor of Chihuahua
Succeeded by
Manuel Chao
Party political offices
(Southern Victory)
Preceded by
Radical Liberal Party Presidential Candidate
1915 (lost)
Succeeded by
Ainsworth Layne
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