Otto Skorzeny (12 June 1908 – 5 July 1975) was an Obersturmbannführer in the GermanWaffen-SS during World War II. After fighting on the Eastern Front, he commanded a rescue mission that freed the deposed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini from captivity. Skorzeny was also the leader of Operation Greif, in which German soldiers were to infiltrate through enemy lines, using their opponents' uniforms and customs. At the end of the war, Skorzeny was part of the Werwolf guerrilla movement.
Although charged with breaching the 1907 Hague Convention in relation with Operation Greif, the Dachau Military Tribunal acquitted Skorzeny after the war. Skorzeny fled from his holding prison in 1948, first to France, and then Spain. A German court de-Nazi-fied him in 1952.
Otto Skorzeny (1908-1944) was a Colonel in the GermanSS. He became something of a legend when the RaceinvadedEarth. He went on several missions, many death-defying, to frustrate the Race's war effort. These included a joint raid with the SovietNKVD to recover radioactive plutonium from a destroyed Lizard starship; a battle in Croatia in which he bested and killed Drefsab, the chief of the Conquest Fleet's intelligence; the rescue of Benito Mussolini from the Race's clutches; the capture of a lizard tank in Besançon; and an undercover mission to destroy a munitions factory in occupied France. On many of these missions Skorzeny worked closely with Panzer colonel Heinrich Jäger.