The Nuremberg Trials were a series of military tribunals conducted by the Allied Forces of World War II in Nuremberg, Germany, in the immediate aftermath of the war, which prosecuted several prominent political and military leaders of Nazi Germany. The most famous was the Trial of the Major War Criminals (October 1945-October 1946), carried out by an international tribunal against 24 prominent leaders, although only 22 were actually tried, and not all of those tried were convicted. Several critical leaders, including Josef Goebbels, Heinrich Himmler and Adolf Hitler committed suicide in the closing days of the war.
The 24 indicted and their verdicts are as follows:
Tried and sentenced in abstentia. Remains found in 1972.
|Karl Dönitz||Guilty||10 years|
|Hans Fritzsche||Not Guilty|
|Walter Funk||Guilty||Life imprisonment
(Released for ill health in 1957, died 1960)
(committed suicide the night before scheduled his execution)
|Rudolf Hess||Guilty||Life Imprisonment|
|Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach||Deemed Medically Unfit for Trial||Released|
|Robert Ley||Committed suicide before trial|
|Konstantin von Neurath||Guilty||15 years|
|Franz von Papen||Not Guilty|
|Erich Raeder||Guilty||Life imprisonment|
|Joachim von Ribbentrop||Guilty||Death|
|Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht||Not Guilty|
|Baldur von Schirach||Guilty||20 years|
|Albert Speer||Guilty||20 years|
The Nuremberg Trials are referenced in a number of Harry Turtledove timelines with a Point of Divergence after 1946. However, the vast majority of stories focusing on German affairs place the relevant POD well before 1945, and usually result in there being no such thing as the Nuremberg Trials.
Nuremberg Trials in The Man With the Iron Heart
In 1945, nearly two dozen German officials who was captured by the Allies at the end of World War II. The Allies sought to try them for war crimes. These plans were stopped twice by the German Freedom Front, first in November 1945 when the GFF destroyed the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg and second in 1946, when the GFF destroyed the American residency zone in Frankfurt with a radium bomb.
In 1947, the Soviets decided to try the officials in their zone. The GFF prevented this by crashing a plane into the Berlin courthouse, killing all the lawyers and judges, but leaving the accused unharmed.
As the text does not identify all defendants by name, the administrators have elected not to create articles for each and every defendant unless they are specifically identified in this or another work on this wiki.
- The Man With the Iron Heart, pg. 260.
- Ibid., pg. 108.
- Ibid., pg. 260.
- Ibid., pg. 407-8.