The Nuremberg Trials were a series of military tribunals conducted by the Allied Forces of World War II in Nuremberg, Germany, in the immediate aftermath of the war, which prosecuted several prominent political and military leaders of Nazi Germany. The most famous was the Trial of the Major War Criminals (October 1945-October 1946), carried out by an international tribunal against 24 prominent leaders, although only 22 were actually tried, and not all of those tried were convicted. Several critical leaders, including Josef Goebbels, Heinrich Himmler and Adolf Hitler committed suicide in the closing days of the war.

The 24 indicted and their verdicts are as follows:

Defendant Verdict Sentence
Martin Bormann

Tried and sentenced in abstentia. Remains found in 1972.

Guilty Death
Karl Dönitz Guilty 10 years
Hans Frank Guilty Death
Wilhelm Frick Guilty Death
Hans Fritzsche Not Guilty
Walter Funk Guilty Life imprisonment

(Released for ill health in 1957, died 1960)

Hermann Göring Guilty Death

(committed suicide the night before scheduled his execution)

Rudolf Hess Guilty Life Imprisonment
Alfred Jodl Guilty Death
Ernst Kaltenbrunner Guilty Death
Wilhelm Keitel Guilty Death
Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Deemed Medically Unfit for Trial Released
Robert Ley Committed suicide before trial
Konstantin von Neurath Guilty 15 years
Franz von Papen Not Guilty
Erich Raeder Guilty Life imprisonment
Joachim von Ribbentrop Guilty Death
Alfred Rosenberg Guilty Death
Fritz Sauckel Guilty Death
Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht Not Guilty
Baldur von Schirach Guilty 20 years
Arthur Seyss-Inquart Guilty Death
Albert Speer Guilty 20 years
Julius Streicher Guilty Death

Literary comment[]

The Nuremberg Trials are referenced in a number of Harry Turtledove timelines with a Point of Divergence after 1946. However, the vast majority of stories focusing on German affairs place the relevant POD well before 1945, and usually result in there being no such thing as the Nuremberg Trials.

Nuremberg Trials in The Man With the Iron Heart[]

In 1945, nearly two dozen[1] German officials who was captured by the Allies at the end of World War II. The Allies sought to try them for war crimes. These plans were stopped twice by the German Freedom Front, first in November 1945 when the GFF destroyed the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg[2] and second in 1946, when the GFF destroyed the American residency zone in Frankfurt with a radium bomb.[3]

In 1947, the Soviets decided to try the officials in their zone. The GFF prevented this by crashing a plane into the Berlin courthouse, killing all the lawyers and judges, but leaving the accused unharmed.[4]

Literary comment[]

As the text does not identify all defendants by name, the administrators have elected not to create articles for each and every defendant unless they are specifically identified in this or another work on this wiki.


  1. The Man With the Iron Heart, pg. 260.
  2. Ibid., pg. 108.
  3. Ibid., pg. 260.
  4. Ibid., pg. 407-8.