Nuremberg held great significance during the Nazi Germany period. Because of the city's relevance to the Holy Roman Empire and its position in the center of Germany, the Nazi Party chose the city to be the site of huge Nazi Party conventions–the Nuremberg rallies. The rallies were held annually from 1927 to 1938 in Nuremberg. In that same span, Germany implemented new laws designed to underscore the supposed superiority of the "Aryan" race, while at the same time curtailing the rights of "inferiors" such as Jews.
Given Nuremberg's historical significance to the Nazis before World War II, Allied officials decided to try Nazi war criminals in at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg in November 1945. However, operatives of the German Freedom Front destroyed the Palace with a truck bomb loaded with dynamite shortly before the trials were to begin. Most of the attorneys and judges were killed, while all of the accused were unharmed.
Nuremberg had been very important to the Nazis during their rise to power. The city hosted several of the party's elaborate rallies and many speeches from Adolf Hitler. The anti-Semitic laws the Nazis passed bore Nuremberg's name.