The New Deal was a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later. They included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term (1933–37) of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The programs were in response to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians refer to as the "3 Rs": Relief, Recovery, and Reform. That is Relief for the unemployed and poor; Recovery of the economy to normal levels; and Reform of the financial system to prevent a repeat depression. The overall name "New Deal" came from Roosevelt's speech when he accepted the Democratic Party nomination in 1932 in which he promised a "new deal for the American people".

Literary comment[]

In most Harry Turtledove timelines dealing with the 1930s, the point of divergence comes either after 1938 (meaning the New Deal has usually already been enacted) or well before 1932 (usually meaning there is nothing called the "New Deal").

New Deal in Joe Steele[]

During his ill-fated pursuit of the Democratic nomination for the presidency in 1932, New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed a program dubbed the New Deal, in an attempt to address the dire Depression[1] His primary rival, California Representative Joe Steele, offered the more comprehensive Four Year Plan.

During the Democratic convention, Roosevelt implied Steele's Four Year Plan was proof of Steele's authoritarian tendencies, and that as the child of immigrants, Steele didn't truly understand how America worked, reminding the press his New Deal was far more democratic.[2] The debate was resolved when Roosevelt was burned alive at Executive Mansion in Albany.[3][4] Roosevelt's wife, Eleanor, died with him, along with several members of the mansion staff.[5] With his primary opponent gone, Steele became the party's presidential nominee.[6] and won the election against Republican incumbent Herbert Hoover that November.[7]

New Deal in State of Jefferson[]

Governor Gilbert Gable took advantage of New Deal packages for his state of Jefferson during the Great Depression. The best of these went to the benefit of his home town, Port Orford.


  1. Joe Steele, pgs. 2-3, HC.
  2. Ibid., pgs. 12-15.
  3. Ibid., pg. 16-17.
  4. Ibid. pgs. 18-21.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Ibid., pgs. 22-27.
  7. Ibid., pg. 38.