Biblical Figure
Nationality: Israel, former citizen of Egypt
Religion: Judaism
Date of Birth: ?
Date of Death: ?
Cause of Death: Natural causes
Occupation: Revolutionary, General, Prophet, Judge, Nobleman, Head of State
Cause of Death: Natural causes
Political Office: De facto leader of Israel
Spouse: Zipporah
Children: Gershom
Turtledove Appearances:
"Before the Beginning"
Set in the Future
Type of Appearance: Posthumous reference

Moses was an early Biblical Hebrew religious leader, lawgiver, prophet, military leader and historian, sometime between the 15th and 13th centuries BCE. Much of the material in the Torah, a holy book of Judaism, is traditionally attributed to Moses. He is also an important prophet in Christianity, Islam and the Bahá'í Faith.

According to the book of Exodus, Moses was born to a Hebrew mother who hid him when a Pharaoh ordered all newborn Hebrew boys to be killed, and ended up being adopted into the Egyptian royal family. After killing an Egyptian slave master, he fled and became a shepherd, and was later commanded by God to deliver the Hebrews from slavery. After the Ten Plagues were unleashed upon Egypt, he led the Hebrew slaves out of Egypt, through the Red Sea, and in the desert for 40 years. Despite living to 120, he did not enter the Promised Land, as he disobeyed God when God instructed him on how to bring forth water from a rock in the desert.

Some archaeologists believe Moses was a fictional character, since no physical evidence like pottery shards or stone tablets have been found to corroborate his existence. Others believe that there was a historic figure, or perhaps a conflation of several, which was the basis for the standard portrayal of Moses.

Literary comment[]

The Biblical story of Moses has been alluded to by numerous Harry Turtledove characters, but rarely has any effect on the plot, insight to character motivations, or differences from its OTL form. The exceptions are listed below.

Moses in "Before the Beginning"[]

The time-viewer showed that Moses did indeed exist, but he was not quite the person that the Bible made him out to be.[1]


  1. Futureshock, p. 93.
Political offices
Preceded by
New office
Leader (no formal title) of Israel Succeeded by