Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County. Named for Richard Montgomery, it stands beside the Alabama River, on the coastal Plain of the Gulf of Mexico. In the 2010 Census, Montgomery's population was 205,764. It is the second most populous city in Alabama, after Birmingham, and is the 118th most populous in the United States. The Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area's population in 2010 was estimated at 374,536; it is the fourth largest in the state and 136th among United States metropolitan areas

The city was incorporated in 1819 as a merger of two towns situated along the Alabama River. It became the state capital in 1846, representing the shift of power to the south-central area of Alabama with the growth of cotton as a commodity crop of the Black Belt and the rise of Mobile as a mercantile port on the Gulf Coast. In February 1861, Montgomery was chosen the first capital of the Confederate States of America, which it remained until the Confederate seat of government moved to Richmond, Virginia, in May of that year. In the middle of the 20th century, Montgomery was a major center of events and protests in the Civil Rights Movement, including the Montgomery bus boycott and the Selma to Montgomery marches.

Literary comment[]

Montgomery is frequently referenced in The Guns of the South as the former Confederate capital, but plays no further role in the plot.

Montgomery in Southern Victory[]

Montgomery was a stop in Jefferson Pinkard's route from Birmingham to his new job at Fort Deposit in 1934. Just as the train was about to pull into the city, a bullet shattered the window nearest to him. Machine gun fire continued, and people on the train were wounded. Pinkard was fairly certain that Negro insurrectionists were the culprits.[1]

The city of New Montgomery, Sonora was named for Montgomery.[2]

See also[]


  1. The Victorious Opposition, p. 108, HC.
  2. Not stated, but the most logical inference.