Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Persian: محمد رضا پهلوی, 26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), often referred to in common usage as The Shah, was the last Shah (King) of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah ("King of Kings"/Emperor) on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza led Iran in a rapid industrial and military modernization, as well as economic and social reforms. However, he lost support from Iran's Shi'a clergy as well as the working class, particularly due to his strong policy of modernization, secularism, conflict with the merchant class, and incidents of corruption in his regime. This culminated in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the Islamic Republic led by Ruhollah Khomeini. Soon after, the Shah died in exile in Egypt.
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi in State of Jefferson
The Shah granted asylum to a large number of exiled yetis in 1959, following the fall of Tibet to China. After 20 years of safety in Iran, the Shah's 1979 overthrow caused these exiles to become stateless once again.
- Unnamed Shahanshah of Peria, a fictional analog of the last Shah in The Case of the Toxic Spell Dump.
|Shah of Iran
Ruhollah Khomeini as Supreme Leader and Grand Ayatollah