This article lists the various minor fictional characters who appear in The Guns of the South. These characters play at best a peripheral role in the novel. Most were simply mentioned or had a very brief, unimportant speaking role that impacted the plot minimally, if at all, and never appeared again. Some were not even given a name.


Anderson, a bricklayer and mason, was sold by Josiah A. Beard at an 1865 slave auction in Nashville, North Carolina. Raeford Liles was one of the bidders but dropped out early. A man from Mississippi or Alabama competed against one of the Rivington Men, and was stuck buying him for $2700 when the Rivington Man abruptly dropped out. A heckler then called out, "Hellfire, you can buy yourself a Congressman for cheaper'n $2700."[1]


Mr. Arnold was a bookseller in Augusta, Georgia. In 1865, Robert E. Lee tried to purchase Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe from Arnold, only to find it sold out, so he purchased Quentin Durward instead.[2]

Josiah A. Beard[]

Josiah A. Beard was a slave merchant who visited Nashville, North Carolina one day in 1865. He made a large amount of money selling Columbus, Dock, Westly, Anderson, Louisa, Josephine, and many others. The prices Beard received were especially high because three Rivington Men, who had an unusual access to gold, raised their bids beyond that which any other bidder could afford.[3]

Barbara Bissett[]

Barbara Bissett, whose husband Jackson Bissett was killed in the Second American Revolution, was Nate Caudell's landlady in Nashville, North Carolina. She was large and plump and inclined to burst into tears for any reason or none.[4] Some thought this was grief, but Caudell knew she'd been like that before the war too. She shed plenty of tears at Caudell's wedding to Mollie Bean, among other occasions.

Jackson Bissett[]

Jackson Bissett (d. late 1863/early 1864) was Barbara Bissett's husband, who died in camp during the last winter of the Second American Revolution.[5]

Eugen Blankaard[]

Eugen Blankaard was the author of The Afrikaner Resistance Movement: What It Is (2004), a manifesto of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging.[6]

Literary comment[]

Eugen Blankaard is a literal Afrikaans translation of Eugene Terre'Blanche (1941-2010), historical founder of the AWB. It was purely coincidental that his ancestral French name translates as "white earth"; it was not an assumed name based on his racial views.

Henry Brown[]

Captain Henry Brown was a surgeon of the Army of the Potomac's 1st New Jersey unit, tending to the wounded men in the makeshift hospital at Arlington House. At the end of the Second American Revolution, he encouraged the estate's newly restored owner Robert E. Lee to visit the wounded Union men. Lee had thought this a bad idea, as he was the author of their suffering, but Brown convinced him that the Army of the Potomac held their honored foe in high regard.[7]


Columbus (b. ca. 1833) was a black man sold at Josiah A. Beard's slave auction in Nashville, North Carolina in 1865. A skilled field hand and laborer, Columbus was bought by a man from Texas for $1450. The Texan planned to resell Columbus in Houston for $1850.[8]

Fred Darby[]

Fred Darby was a reporter for the Louisville Journal. Upon Robert E. Lee's arrival in Louisville, Darby peppered him with questions about Negroes and slavery. Lee deflected Darby's questions as best he could.[9]


Dock (b. ca. 1839) was a black man sold at Josiah A. Beard's slave auction in Nashville, North Carolina in 1865. His skills were as a field hand and laborer. In 1864 he had taken part in a guerrilla uprising and been captured by General Forrest's men in Louisiana. He was purchased by one of the Rivington Men, who told him he would regret any disobedience. Dock's acknowledgement of this, while respectful, nevertheless showed a small hint of pride.[10]

Asbury Finch[]

First Lieutenant Asbury Finch was with the 21st Georgia regiment during the Second American Revolution.

During the winter of 1863-4 Lt. Finch served with the quartermaster's corp. As part of his duties, he accompanied supply trains to the winter quarters of the Army of Northern Virginia. Prior to one such trip, he received a telegram from General Robert E. Lee ordering him to stop at the small town of Rivington, North Carolina to allow some supplies to be loaded and some civilians to board the train.

Lt. Finch followed orders and had a large number of crates of two types loaded on the train. After this was done, he opened two crates, one of each type and found carbines of a curious manufacture and metal cartridges. He also allowed about a dozen men in "all-over-spots" clothing to board. Prior to the train leaving, he telegraphed a report to General Lee.

When the train arrived at Lee's HQ in Orange Court House, Finch followed up with a verbal report.[11]

Literary comment[]

Although a Confederate soldier named Asbury Finch is listed in historical records, he was from the 5th North Carolina Infantry rather than a Georgian regiment, and never reached a higher rank than Private.


Fred was a lieutenant whom President Robert E. Lee sent to fetch Avram Goldfarb, who was helping to decipher the strange written language of America Will Break.[12]

Wilhelm Gebhard[]

Wilhelm Gebhard was a colleague of Andries Rhoodie's and was part of the contingent that arrived at Orange Court House with the first shipment of AK-47s. He helped train Jeb Stuart's cavalry in the use of the new rifle.[13]

Avram Goldfarb[]

Avram Goldfarb (b. c. 1815) was a merchant in Richmond. A Jewish native of Aachen, Prussia, he was able to read the mysterious written language of the Rivington Men, which seemed to be a "mishmash" of German "Deutsch" and Netherlands "Dutch." He successfully translated the important parts of a book by Eugen Blankaard. The book seemed to him like nonsense, proofread by a drunk who misprinted the year as 2004. President Lee advised him not to talk about the "error"-ridden book with anyone else, and neither man was able to deduce the purpose of a machine called a qwerty.[14]

Ernie Graaf[]

Ernie Graaf was a colleague of Andries Rhoodie's and was part of the contingent that arrived at Orange Court House with the first shipment of AK-47s.[15]

Andrew Gwynn[]

Andrew Gwynn, a Welsh immigrant, became a farmer in Nash County, North Carolina, after the Second American Revolution. He had been a miner before setting up his farm. During the martial law emergency of March 1868, soldiers of the 47th North Carolina searched Gwynn's farm for an illegal still. Soldier Henry Pleasants knew the still's location but concealed it from his fellows, not wanting to tell on Gwynn before the latter's eyes. He felt he owed a favor to Gwynn, who had come to Nash County at Pleasants' urging.[16]


Hattie was a former slave who was employed as a cook on Henry Pleasants' farm. Her husband Tom had purchased her freedom during the Second American Revolution.[17]

Edwin Helper[]

Edwin Helper was a reporter for the Richmond Dispatch. In 1867, he interviewed Robert E. Lee about what position the Confederacy should take in the new war between the USA and England.[18] In 1868, Helper interviewed President Lee about the proposed Legislation Regulating the Labor of Certain Inhabitants of the Confederate States.[19]


Hignett, a very old man, was the butler at the British embassy in Washington City. He escorted General Robert E. Lee to meet with Lord Lyons.[20]

Richard Ingom[]

Richard Ingom was a captain in the Confederate Army. On March 14, 1865, he sent a telegram to General Robert E. Lee informing him that Union Army Lt. Adam Slemmer had arrested two Rivington Men for smuggling AK-47s into Tompkinsville, Kentucky. Lee met with Union General U.S. Grant to interview the prisoners, and reflected that, had Ingom not happened to see the prisoners being brought in, the matter would never have come to Confederate attention.[21]


Joe (b. c. 1844) was a Union soldier who had his right arm amputated during the Second American Revolution. While recuperating at Arlington House, Joe and other patients were visited by the estate's newly restored owner Robert E. Lee. When Joe asked if Lee had come to gloat, another amputee rebuked him. While Joe and a few others turned their heads away, most of the wounded men were eager to meet their longtime foe.[22]


Josephine (c. 1846-1865) was a "mulatto wench" sold at Josiah A. Beard's slave auction in Nashville, North Carolina. Piet Hardie, a member of America Will Break, purchased her for $3150.[23] Her new owner's sexual brutality toward her was unendurable, and she soon ran away into the nearby swamp.[24] Hardie and his hired men soon recaptured her, and she hanged herself in despair shortly afterward.[25]


Louisa (b. ca. 1841) was a slave who worked as a cook. She was also very fertile, having had four children by 1865, and could be expected to breed more. Josiah A. Beard hawked these qualities when he sold her at a Nashville, North Carolina auction to a man who planned to resell her in Texas.[26]

Lloyd Morgan[]

Lloyd Morgan, a Welsh immigrant, became a farmer in Nash County, North Carolina, after the Second American Revolution. He had been a miner before setting up his farm. During the martial law emergency of March 1868, soldiers of the 47th North Carolina searched Morgan's farm for an illegal still. Although Morgan smelled of whiskey, no still was found, and Morgan professed an inability to speak English when questioned about the liquor. Soldier Ruffin Biggs remained convinced that Morgan had pulled a fast one on them.[27]


Mrs. Moye was a customer at Raeford Liles' general store. It was while she was buying a thimble that Nate Caudell first saw Israel, who had just been hired as Liles' clerk.[28]

Hendrik Nieuwoudt[]

Hendrik Nieuwoudt (d. 1868) was a Rivington Man captured after the final defeat of AWB by General Forrest's men. Condemned to reverse engineer future technology at Virginia Military Institute, he despaired and hanged himself, leaving behind a note saying "I can't stand being watched any more." He was the second suicide among the group.[29]


Perry was a colored cook in the Army of Northern Virginia's camp in January 1864. The mysterious visitor Andries Rhoodie asked General Robert E. Lee if Perry was a slave, and was visibly uncomfortable when told that the man was free. Nevertheless, Rhoodie conceded that Perry was a fine cook.[30]

Perry later fetched Traveller for Lee and Rhoodie's tour of Orange Court House.[31]

Jonas Perry[]

Jonas Perry was a Nash County farmer who owned three slaves. He was constantly complaining that the three were lazy and did no work, yet he expressed fear that Robert E. Lee, if elected President, would take away everyone's slaves. George Lewis corrected him on two matters; first, Lee did not intend to do that, and second, slave-owning was becoming dangerous and unprofitable, as the risk of insurrection was outweighing the benefits. Nate Caudell didn't think Perry's silent response indicated acceptance of this, but he was likely thinking it over.[32]

Literary comment[]

This character, like several other Nash County residents in the novel, may be an obscure historical figure.


Pete was a Union soldier captured by Sgt. Nate Caudell at the Battle of the Wilderness. Pete was perplexed by the existence of the new repeating rifles, which fired more shots at him in one battle than all the shots fired at him in the past two years.[33]

James Porter[]

James Porter was a lieutenant in the Union Army. On March 14, 1865, he and Adam Slemmer arrested Konrad de Buys and Willem van Pelt in Tompkinsville, Kentucky, for smuggling AK-47s over the CS-US border with intent to sell.[34]

Literary comment[]

While there were several soldiers named James Porter in the Union Army, there is no particular reason to think this is any of them.

Virgil Quincy[]

Virgil Quincy was a reporter from the Richmond Whig. In 1867, anticipating the presidential election, he interviewed Confederate Party candidate Robert E. Lee and the reasons why Lee did not travel from state to state campaigning in person, as Patriot Party candidate N.B. Forrest was doing. Quincy agreed with Lee's view that the C.S.A. should not antagonize the U.S.A., which was at the time locked in a war with Britain.[35]

In 1868, Quincy interviewed President Lee about the Legislation Regulating the Labor of Certain Inhabitants of the Confederate States.[36]


Mr. Seaman was a lawyer, and the author of What Miscegenation Is.[37]


Shadrach was a slave of the America Will Break men in Rivington. During the battle of Rivington, he hailed the 47th North Carolina as liberators. Sergeant Nate Caudell was appalled at Shadrach's emaciated condition.[38]

Adam Slemmer[]

Adam Slemmer was a lieutenant in the Union Army. On March 14, 1865, he and James Porter arrested Konrad de Buys and Willem van Pelt in Tompkinsville, Kentucky, for smuggling AK-47s over the CS-US border with intent to sell.[39]

Literary comment[]

Although there was a historical Union officer named Adam Slemmer, who eventually became a Brigadier General, this character does not seem to be him.

Wren Tisdale[]

Wren Tisdale was the owner of the Liberty Bell Saloon in Nashville, North Carolina.

Literary comment[]

Wren Tisdale may be an obscure historical figure.


Tom was a former slave who was employed on Henry Pleasants' farm. He had purchased freedom for his wife Hattie during the Second American Revolution. Tom was pleased with the salary Mr. Pleasants paid him, but distrusted the accounting by Israel. He distrusted him to count it accurately. Israel, by contrast, didn't think Tom was even capable of counting.[40]

Rex van Lew[]

Rex van Lew was a reporter from the Richmond Examiner. In 1867, he asked Candidate Robert E. Lee whether the Confederacy should demand concessions from the U.S.A. in exchange for maintaining C.S.A. neutrality in the war with Britain. Lee replied that such a move would only stir resentment in a larger, powerful nation whose anger would not benefit the C.S. When van Lew asked about the upcoming national election, Lee told him that he did not see fit to campaign in person around the nation, as General Forrest was so fond of doing.[41]

In 1868, van Lew interviewed President Lee about the Legislation Regulating the Labor of Certain Inhabitants of the Confederate States. Lee evaded explaining the real reason for why the bill emphasized hypothetical conditions of the 20th century.[42]

Willem van Pelt[]

Willem van Pelt was a member of America Will Break. On March 14, 1865, he and Konrad de Buys were arrested by Union soldiers in Tompkinsville, Kentucky for smuggling AK-47s across the Tennessee border with intent to sell. Confederate General Robert E. Lee and his Union counterpart Ulysses Grant interviewed the captives, and Lee presented them with an offer. General Grant would buy their entire stock for a silver dollar, and they would be set free and allowed to return to the CSA rather than being sent to a prison further North. Van Pelt and de Buys angrily accepted the offer, as no better options were presented.

Afterwards, Lee explained to his aide Charles Marshall that the Federals surely already had AK-47s retrieved from battlefields and prisoners of war, so they would not be receiving any technology they didn't have already. Furthermore, it was important that all the AWB men be kept safely in the CSA where the right people could keep an eye on them and they would not be questioned further by the North.[43]

In 1867, van Pelt ran a printing press which published campaign broadsheets for Nathan Bedford Forrest.[44]


Westly (b. ca. 1841), a tanner and bricklayer, was sold in Nashville, North Carolina at Josiah A. Beard's slave auction for $1950 to one of the Rivington Men. Westly hoped he would be rented out so he might have a chance to earn money to buy his freedom, but his new owner flatly declared that this was out of the question.

Westly was a "griffe", meaning that three of his grandparents were black and one was white.[45]


Willie (b. c. 1860) was one of Nate Caudell's pupils in November 1867. On the day Caudell voted in the presidential election, Willie eagerly asked for news of how it came out. Caudell patiently explained that it would take a few days for the national vote to be counted and the winner determined.[46]


  1. The Guns of the South, p. 319.
  2. Ibid., p. 336.
  3. Ibid., p. 316-321.
  4. Ibid., p. 274-275.
  5. Ibid., p. 274-275.
  6. Ibid., p. 463-464.
  7. Ibid., pgs. 205-208.
  8. Ibid., 316-317.
  9. Ibid., 296-297.
  10. Ibid., 317-318.
  11. Ibid., pgs. 17-21.
  12. Ibid., p. 462.
  13. Ibid., p. 21.
  14. Ibid., p. 462-466.
  15. Ibid., p. 21.
  16. Ibid., p. 476-477.
  17. Ibid., p. 356-357.
  18. Ibid, pgs. 404-405.
  19. Ibid., pgs. 552-553.
  20. Ibid., p. 194.
  21. Ibid., 304-305.
  22. Ibid., pgs. 206-207.
  23. Ibid., p. 319-321.
  24. Ibid., p. 326-327.
  25. Ibid., p. 343-344.
  26. Ibid., p. 319.
  27. Ibid., p. 476-477.
  28. Ibid., p. 342.
  29. Ibid., p. 551.
  30. Ibid., pgs. 12-13.
  31. Ibid., pg. 18.
  32. Ibid., p. 390-392.
  33. Ibid., p. 114.
  34. Ibid., p. 304.
  35. Ibid., pgs. 403-404.
  36. Ibid., pgs. 552-554.
  37. Ibid., p. 303-304.
  38. Ibid., 515-516.
  39. Ibid., p. 304.
  40. Ibid., p. 356-357.
  41. Ibid., p. 404.
  42. Ibid., pgs. 552-553.
  43. Ibid., pgs. 305-308.
  44. Ibid., pgs. 376-377.
  45. Ibid, p. 318-319.
  46. Ibid., p. 407.