This article lists the various minor fictional characters who appear in the Atlantis Series. These characters are identified by name or profession, but play at best a peripheral role in the series. Most were simply mentioned or had a very brief, unimportant speaking role that did not impact the plot, and never appeared again.

Opening Atlantis: New Hastings[]

Jean Abrgall[]

Jean Abrgall sold salt in Le Croisic. He drove a hard bargain, but Edward Radcliffe found Abrgall's salt to be the best quality available, and so willingly dealt with him.


Alf was one of the settlers who joined Edward Radcliffe in establishing the first settlement in Atlantis. Upon arrival, he misunderstood Radcliffe's statement that they weren't going back to Hastings, thinking it applied to the St. George.

Basque sailor[]

A dark-haired, heavy-bearded man acted as spokesman for the Basque crew that had a chance encounter with Henry Radcliffe and Bartholomew Smith of the Rose on one occasion in the 1460s. Using French as a common tongue, the Basque told of encountering the Pattawatomi people of Terranova, several of whom were traveling with his group on a delegation to Gernika. The Basque speaker said his kind might open up trade with the men from the west, or if that was not profitable, would kidnap them for slaves. After the Basques left, Radcliffe told Smith that the Basques looked to be considering sinking the Rose to eliminate witnesses.[1]


Carl was a farmer from Bredestown, Atlantis. He joined the Radcliffe banner against the Earl of Warwick in 1470, and participated in the Battle of the Strand. Carl was angered to see his brother had joined Warwick's side.

Dan Cawthorne[]

Dan Cawthorne (b ca. 1435) was the son of bowyer Tom Cawthorne.[2] When Dan impregnated a girl named Judy Martin, Tom accepted Edward Radcliffe's offer to relocate to New Hastings, Atlantis.[3] Dan, horrified by the prospect of living with the talkative Judy, had no intention of marrying her.[4]

Louisa Cawthorne[]

Louisa Cawthorne was the wife of Tom Cawthorne. She accompanied her husband to New Hastings, Atlantis. A compassionate woman, she shed a tear each time she slaughtered a chicken for supper. Edward Radcliffe found the presence of a woman aboard his ship emphasized how much he missed his own wife.[5]

Tom Cawthorne[]

Thomas "Tom" Cawthorne was a fletcher and bowyer in England. When his son Dan impregnated a girl, Cawthorne and his family accepted Edward Radcliffe's offer to settle in New Hastings, Atlantis.[6]

Cawthorne's bloodline would eventually produce Custis Cawthorne, a printer, inventor, and politician, who played a critical part in the Atlantean War of Independence.

Youngest Cawthorne[]

The eight-year-old younger son of Tom Cawthorne accompanied his family to Atlantis in 1452. He had no stomach for watching a cod be gutted.[7]

Clarence the Parrot[]

Clarence was a parrot purchased by Henry Radcliffe in Gernika during the earliest days of Atlantean settlement. Clarence was bright green, with a yellow head, a red face, and a large, hooked beak. The parrot spoke Basque better than Henry could himself. When the bird was brought home to New Hastings, Henry's father Edward Radcliffe joked that the Devil must be teaching the Basque language to birds, to disprove the popular notion that it was too difficult for the Devil himself to learn.[8]

Ann Drinkwater[]

Ann Drinkwater keened over the body of her husband Rob, the first known person to be killed by a honker.[9]

Rob Drinkwater[]

Rob Drinkwater (d. 1452) was a settler in New Hastings, Atlantis. He attempted to kill a honker. When the blow he delivered proved only glancing, the honker kicked out with a powerful leg, getting Drinkwater in the chest, killing him. Drinkwater was the first known person to be killed by a honker.[10]

Paul Finley[]

Paul Finley was a fishmonger in Hastings, England in the middle 15th century. Upon his return home from Atlantis, Edward Radcliffe sold his catch to Finley.


Geoff was a sailor from New Hastings. He served aboard Henry Radcliffe's ship, the Rose.

Adam Higgins[]

Adam Higgins was a blacksmith in Bredestown, Atlantis. In 1470, after the arrival of the Earl of Warwick in New Hastings, Higgins began making swords, which were eventually used in the overthrow of Warwick and his supporters.


Jacques was François Kersauzon's second-in-command aboard the Morzen. In 1452, Jacques was among the first humans to land at Atlantis. Later, when the crew stopped in Le Croisic, Jacques watched unhappily as Kersauzon shared the secret of Atlantis with English fisherman Edward Radcliffe.

Bishop John[]

John was originally a priest in Hastings, England. In 1452, he learned of Edward Radcliffe's plans to leave Hastings and settle in Atlantis.[11] John confronted Radcliffe, fearing that the fisherman would take people away from the church. Radcliffe put the priest's mind at ease, convincing Father John to join the settlement.[12] Radcliffe believed the possibility of ministering on the frontier, far away from any higher ecclesiastical authority, appealed to John's ego.[13] In any case, John was made the first Atlantean Bishop.[14]

Judy Martin[]

Judy Martin (b. ca. 1436) was a young girl impregnated by Dan Cawthorne in Hastings. As Dan had no intention of marrying Judy, whom he found too talkative, the whole Cawthorne family accepted Edward Radcliffe's offer to relocate to New Hastings, Atlantis.

Ned (Sailor on the St. George)[]

Ned was a sailor aboard Edward Radcliffe's ship, the St. George. During the first trip to Atlantis, Ned identified a leaf found in the Atlantic Ocean as coming from a palm tree.

Peter (New Hastings Rebel)[]

Peter was a farmer who resided near Bredestown and New Hastings. He reluctantly joined Richard Radcliffe's banner against the Earl of Warwick. He participated in an initial clash of arms between Radcliffe men and Warwick men, which cost Radcliffe's side more than Warwick's. Peter chastised Richard Radcliffe for the bloodshed.

Peter (Warwick Soldier)[]

Peter was one of the Earl of Warwick's personal bodyguards in New Hastings. As part of his duties, he permitted Edward Radcliffe to see Warwick after Warwick summoned Radcliffe.

Sam (Atlantis)[]

Sam was a sailor aboard Henry Radcliffe's ship, the Rose.

Rose Simmons[]

Rose Simmons (d. 1452) was the first child killed by a red-crested eagle in New Hastings, Atlantis.[15]

Bartholomew Smith[]

Bartholomew Smith was Henry Radcliffe's first mate aboard the Rose.[16] He was among the first people to see Avalon Bay.[17]

In 1470, Smith was among those outraged by the arrival of the exiled Earl of Warwick. Smith was further outraged when Warwick took Lucy Fenner, the daughter of his first cousin Meg Fenner, as his mistress.[18] Thus, Smith was perfectly supportive of Henry Radcliffe's plans overthrow Warwick,[19] and participated in the Battle of the Strand, manning a cannon aboard the Rose.[20]


Tim was a New Hastings citizen who joined the Earl of Warwick. He was badly injured at the Battle of the Strand. He expected that Richard Radcliffe would kill him, but instead Radcliffe spared him, believing Tim would be that much more loyal to New Hastings.

George Tree[]

George Tree was a farmer in Hastings, England. He sold hens to Edward Radcliffe when Radcliffe was preparing to settle Atlantis.


Wat (b. c. 1422), a soldier, was one of the settlers Edward Radcliffe brought to Atlantis in 1452. At one point, he kicked a hen off of the deck of the St. George and into the English Channel. Radcliffe warned him not to do that again, or Wat would be thrown into the ocean.


Will was a sailor aboard the St. George. When the ship followed the Morzen to Atlantis, Will noticed a peculiar leaf in the water. He brought it aboard, and showed it to Edward Radcliffe, which helped convince the captain that he'd made the right decision in trusting François Kersauzon.

Another sailor, Ned, said that the leaf reminded him of the ones found on palm trees.

Opening Atlantis: Avalon[]

Old Abe[]

Old Abe was a native Terranovan who served Red Rodney Radcliffe. Old Abe had been in Avalon for about as long as Radcliffe had been alive.

Adam Barber[]

Adam Barber was the captain of HMS Royal Sovereign, William Radcliff's flagship during the offensive that destroyed the Avalon pirates.

Stede Bonnet[]

Bonnet's Flag

Stede Bonnet (d. 1666?) was a pirate based in Avalon, Atlantis in the 1660s. He was allied with Red Rodney Radcliffe during the war against Radcliff's Armada.

Literary comment[]

When Avalon fell during the Battle of the Hesperian Gulf, Bonnet was presumably killed in battle or captured and executed soon after.

There was a historical pirate named Stede Bonnet, but he was born in the 1680s (about 20 years after "Avalon" takes place), and was executed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1718.


Cornelius was a cook. He was originally in the employ of Piet Kieft, governor of the Dutch Terranovan colony of Nieuw Haarlem. However, Red Rodney Radcliffe kidnapped Cornelius during the course of a raid on the colony in the 1660s. After sampling Cornelius' food, Red Rodney decided to keep the cook in his employ, and refused Kieft's ransom offer. Kieft, already an enemy of Red Rodney, grew to hate the pirate that much more.[21]

Aldo Cucari[]

Aldo Cucari was a Italian fisherman living in Avalon, Atlantis in the mid 17th century. He was not a pirate, but the pirates left him to his trade. They even bought his fish.

Cucari informed Red Rodney Radcliffe that he'd seen three Dutch men-of-war and six brigantines. Radcliffe paid Cucari handsomely for that information.[22]

Hiram Dill[]

Hiram Dill was an Atlantean backwoodsman in the mid 17th century. While hunting, he inadvertently killed a homing pigeon meant for Red Rodney Radcliffe. Dill brought the pigeon and its message to William Radcliff. Radcliff, who was preparing to launch an attack on Red Rodney and the pirates of Avalon, was delighted with the information.[23]


Jenny was Red Rodney Radcliffe's last paramour[24] before Avalon was destroyed by William Radcliff. After Avalon fell to Radcliff's Armada, Jenny pleaded for her life, offering sexual favors if it kept her from the gibbet. William Radcliff took advantage of Jenny's offer.[25]


Katrina was a resident of Nieuw Haarlem. She was preparing to engage in sexual intercourse with governor Piet Kieft when the Avalon pirate Red Rodney Radcliffe raided the governor's residence. Kieft leapt from his second story window in a state of undress to escape Radcliffe. Katrina lost all respect for the governor as a result.

David McCormick[]

David McCormick was a sailor from Stuart, Atlantis. He piloted the Royal Sovereign out of Stuart when Radcliff's Armada's offensive against the Avalon pirates began.


Meg was the wife of Stephen, an Avalon pirate and guard of Avalon Bay. Red Rodney Radcliffe inquired about Meg and their children when he returned from a raid.


Mick was Red Rodney Radcliffe's homing pigeon keeper. He brought the news from Red Rodney's spies in Stuart that William Radcliff was putting together a joint Dutch-English-Atlantean armada to destroy the Avalon pirates.[26] Later, he notified Red Rodney when Radcliff's Armada approached.[27]

Christopher Moody[]

Christopher Moody's Flag

Christopher Moody was a pirate based out of Avalon, Atlantis in the 1660s, when his profession was at its zenith.

He presumably was killed when Avalon fell to Radcliff's Armada.

Literary Comment[]

As the historical Christopher Moody pirated in the early 18th century, this character is not the same person.


Quint was a signalman aboard the Black Hand. He'd served in the English Royal Navy before becoming a pirate, and greatly preferred the latter.

Shadrach Spencer[]

Shadrach Spencer was William Radcliff's secretary.


Stephen (d. 1666) was the captain of a galley that patrolled the Gateway to Avalon Bay. He challenged the ships that entered the Bay, allowing only pirates to enter. Red Rodney Radcliffe inquired about Stephen's wife Meg and their children.

Literary comment[]

It can be assumed that Stephen was killed in the Battle of the Hesperian Gulf or executed soon after, given how thorough Radcliff's Armada was.

Opening Atlantis: Nouveau Redon[]


Ben was a British Atlantean trader who came to the former French Atlantis after the war of conquest, with intent to "screw" the locals, financially. When he broke some crockery and refused to pay for it at a local pub, Victor Radcliff and Blaise Black intervened, forcing Ben to reconsider his position at gun point.[28]

Daniel Endicott[]

Daniel Endicott (d. ca. 1761) was a British brigadier who arrived at Freetown, Atlantis during the French and Spanish War. While the regular troops he led were enough to break the French siege of the settlement, Endicott himself was killed in battle. His second-in-command, Colonel Harcourt, was injured, leaving the relatively young Charles Cornwallis to assume command (Cornwallis had been thrust into command prior in the war upon the death of General Edward Braddock.)

For his own part, Atlantean Major Victor Radcliff did not see Endicott's death as a loss; Endicott was as by-the-book as Braddock.[29]


Francisco was a Terranovan slave in Spanish Atlantis. He, another Terranovan named Juan, and a black from French Atlantis named Blaise escaped into the swamps of Atlantis just prior to the French and Spanish War. There, they had a chance encounter with Victor Radcliff, who helped them evade slave-catchers, and took them into British territory. Francisco booked passage to Terranova to find his people.

A dozen years later, Radcliff often wondered what became of Francisco and Juan.

Aeneas Hand[]

Aeneas Hand (b. c. 1739) was an Atlantean settler who served in the British army during the French and Spanish War. He initially resented the idea of taking orders from Blaise, a black sergeant. Blaise settled the issue by kicking Hand in the crotch and stomach. After that, Hand knew Blaise was in charge.


Colonel Harcourt of the British army served as second-in-command to Brigadier Daniel Endicott at one point during the French and Spanish War. The two successfully held Freetown from a French attack, but Endicott was killed, and Harcourt was badly injured.


Herbert was a scout in Victor Radcliff's militia. When he jestingly said he might find a tavernkeeper's pretty daughter and settle down, abandoning the militia, Radcliff jovially said he would find Herbert's tavern and burn it down. They parted with a good laugh.[30]


Jenkins (b. c. 1739) was a sailor aboard the Glasgow. After a peace had been reached ending the French and Spanish War, the Glasgow arrived in Hanover, Atlantis with news of the terms. Jenkins was hailed by Major Victor Radcliff for news. Jenkins, not realizing who Radcliff was, initially dismissed him. When Radcliff identified himself and threatened to challenge Jenkins to a duel, Jenkins quickly shared all he knew about the terms of peace.


Juan was a Terranovan slave in Spanish Atlantis. He, another Terranovan named Francisco, and a black from French Atlantis named Blaise escaped into the swamps of Atlantis just prior to the French and Spanish War. They encountered Victor Radcliff, who helped them evade slave-catchers, and took them into British territory. Juan wandered off into Hanover.

Even a dozen years later, Radcliff wondered what ultimately happened to Francisco and Juan.


Maria was the name given to an African woman who was taken to Spanish Atlantis as a slave. Blaise met her when his commanding officer, Victor Radcliff, invaded the territory during the French and Spanish War. They shared the same language, a fact which pleased them both.

Maria was cynical about Radcliff's refusal to directly help the rebelling slaves during his raid. While she agreed that the British were fighting the Spanish, and that the Spanish were getting what they deserved, she also held the British responsible for their part in selling slaves.


Martín was a Terranovan slave in Spanish Atlantis. He was of the Blackfoot tribe. When Victor Radcliff invaded Spanish Atlantis during the French and Spanish War, Martín and his fellow slaves launched an uprising.

Martín and another slave named Ramón personally met with Radcliff to ask for weapons. Radcliff was hesitant at first, as his orders did not include starting servile insurrections. However, he realized the strategic value of arming the slaves, and so helped them somewhat, giving them a few muskets.

Ned (Soldier of the French and Spanish War)[]

Ned was a soldier under Victor Radcliff's command during the French and Spanish War. Ned suggested that French supply lines were probably coming up the Graveyard Road, and suggested that the graveyard along the road would be an ideal spot for an ambush. Radcliff agreed, and the supplies were intercepted.[31]


Philip was a sergeant in Victor Radcliff's settler army during the French and Spanish War. He was known for his constant smoking of pipeweed. When word arrived that Roland Kersauzon was moving north, Radcliff called a war council. Philip was the only sergeant to comment on Radcliff's plan to keep Kersauzon from linking up with Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon.


Ramón was a Terranovan slave in Spanish Atlantis. When Victor Radcliff invaded Spanish Atlantis during the French and Spanish War, Ramón and his fellow slaves launched an uprising.

Ramón and another slave named Martín personally met with Radcliff to ask for weapons. Radcliff was hesitant at first, as his orders did not include starting servile insurrections. However, he realized the strategic value of arming the slaves, and so helped them somewhat, giving them a few muskets.

José Valverde[]

Don José Valverde was the governor-general of Spanish Atlantis prior to and during the French and Spanish War.[32] While Spain was an ally of France against Britain, Valverde initially refused to allow Roland Kersauzon to pursue Victor Radcliff's raiders into Spanish territory.[33] Only after Radcliff had inflicted substantial damage and touched off a slave uprising did Valverde beg for Kersauzon's help.[34]

Kersauzon did grant it, but only so long as Radcliff was on Spanish soil. Once Radcliff sailed back to British territory, Kersauzon marched northward again, heedless of the slave uprising and cursing Valverde's name.[35]

The United States of Atlantis[]

Saul Andrews[]

Saul Andrews was a sergeant in the Atlantean Army during the Atlantean War of Independence. He hailed from the State of Croydon. As the Siege of Croydon commenced, bad weather thwarted the Atlanteans. General Victor Radcliff questioned Andrews about how long the bad weather would last. Andrews admitted he did not know, and that there was almost no way to predict the Croydon weather.[36]

Benjamin Benveniste[]

Benjamin Benveniste was a Jewish Atlantean from Croydon. During the Atlantean War of Independence, he became the only Jew on the Atlantean Assembly. He was a wealthy merchant, some believing he was the wealthiest man in Atlantis, others believing he was simply the wealthiest man not named Radcliffe or Radcliff. For his part, Victor Radcliff knew Benveniste was wealthier than himself.[37]

Benveniste was looked at with some suspicion by a member of the Assembly from New Grinstead, owing to his wealth and his faith. Custis Cawthorne defended Benveniste so as to maintain unity in the Assembly. Benveniste was initially resentful of Cawthorne's interference, but agreed that it was best for Atlantis.[38]

British Commander at Pittman's Ferry[]

The captain of the British fort at Pittman's Ferry did not believe that the Atlantean rebels would campaign during the winter. In fact, General Victor Radcliff had opted to campaign. Thanks to the British commander's foolishness, the Atlanteans took the fort with ease.

The British captain was astonished. Realizing his career was doomed once he was paroled, he initially offered his services to the Atlanteans. When Radcliff declined, the captain then asked for Radcliff to leave him in a locked room with a pistol. Radcliff again declined.

Richard Cawthorne[]

Richard Cawthorne was the son of Custis Cawthorne. He was the royal governor of Freetown, and stayed loyal to King George III, much to his father's chagrin.[39]

Literary comment[]

This character is analogous to William Franklin, who remained Royal Governor of New Jersey while his father Benjamin Franklin helped lead the American Revolution.


Charles was a British soldier stationed in Hanover, Atlantis. At the outset of the Atlantean War of Independence, Charles encountered a disguised Victor Radcliff who was fleeing Hanover. Had Charles known who Radcliff was, he might have taken him into custody.

Barnabas Eubanks[]

Barnabas Eubanks was a farmer in the State of Croydon during the Atlantean War of Independence. He informed General Victor Radcliff that British General Charles Cornwallis intended to make a stand at Pomphret Landing. A stern Protestant, Eubanks claimed that Cornwallis' consumption of alcohol proved he was hellbound. He also described Pomphret Landing as a den of iniquity for its three taverns, its theater, and its brothel. Radcliff found most of his objections ridiculous.[40]

James Fleming[]

James Fleming (d. 1776) was a British captain killed at the Battle of Grigsby's Field.[41] After the battle, his brother, John, collected his body under a flag of truce.[42]

John Fleming[]

John Fleming (b. 1750s) was a lieutenant in the British army during the Atlantean War of Independence. He participated in the Battle of Grigsby's Field[43] along with his brother James, who was killed.[44] After the battle, Fleming rode to Atlantean General Victor Radcliff under a flag of truce to collect the bodies of James Fleming and General William Howe.[45]

Luc Froissart[]

Luc Froissart was a captain in the French Army during the Atlantean War of Independence. He was the aide-de-camp to the Marquis de La Fayette, and met briefly with General Victor Radcliff and Sgt. Blaise Black. Froissart was initially intrigued by Black. When Black informed Froissart that he'd been a slave purchased by a Frenchman, Froissart reminded the sergeant that neither Froissart nor the Marquis were the men responsible for his enslavement.[46]

Horace Grimsley[]

Horace Grimsley was a captain in the British Army during the Atlantean War of Independence. He served under General Charles Cornwallis and was present at the Siege of Croydon. After Cornwallis opted to surrender, Grimsley was tasked with negotiating with Atlantean general Victor Radcliff. While Grimsley believed Cornwallis would accept most of the terms Radcliff proposed, he informed Radcliff that Cornwallis would never surrender Habakkuk Biddiscombe and his horsed legion to the Atlanteans.[47] In the end, Biddiscombe and his men escaped,[48] and Grimsley conveyed Cornwallis' acquiescence to Radcliff, while assuring Radcliff that Cornwallis had no idea that Biddiscombe and his men planned to escape. Grimsley also expressed disdain for Radcliff's assertion that the Atlanteans would not have a king.[49]

Abednego Higgins[]

Abednego Higgins was from the French-speaking part of Atlantis. As part of the Atlantean Assembly, Higgins represented the English-speaking settlers that had moved into the area after the French and Spanish War. Higgins was part of the delegation that visited Victor Radcliff at the beginning of the Atlantean War of Independence to convince Radcliff to lead the Army of the Atlantean Assembly.

Higgins was a planter and a slave-owner.[50]

Absalom Hogarth[]

Absalom Hogarth was a tavern owner in Hanover, Atlantis during the Atlantean War of Independence. He freely served British troops when they controlled Hanover. After the Army of the Atlantean Assembly retook Hanover, Victor Radcliff tricked Hogarth into admitting that he, Hogarth, would serve whomever controlled the town. Radcliff fined Hogarth one hundred pounds for "playing the weather vane."[51]


Innes was a soldier in the Army of the Atlantean Assembly. During army's return east in the second year of the Atlantean War of Independence, he told General Victor Radcliff to enjoy his coffee. Radcliff knew he wouldn't, but told Innes he expected he would.[52]


Jeremiah was an Atlantean soldier during the Atlantean War of Independence. He acted as a sentry in Hanover, Atlantis and confirmed General Victor Radcliff's identity when Radcliff rejoined the Atlantean Army after spending time with the French.[53]


Joan was a wife and mother in Weymouth. During the Second Battle of Weymouth, her family's home was destroyed by the Royal Navy's shelling. While she, her husband, and two of their children escaped, their infant son, Willie was killed. Atlantean General Victor Radcliff presumed the family had supported Britain, and was unsympathetic to their tragedy.[54]

Tim Knox[]

Tim Knox[55] (d. c. 1775) was a sergeant of the Army of the Atlantean Assembly early in the Atlantean War of Independence. He'd actually served with the British Army, but deserted to the Atlanteans after he fell in love with an Atlantean bar maid. Victor Radcliff made him a drillmaster because Knox was one of the only soldiers in his command who had experience serving in a professional army.

He was barrel-chested, with a voice that carried "half-way to Hanover".[56]

Knox died of an unknown lung infection before the first year of the war ended.[57]

Henry Lavery[]

Henry Lavery was a British major. He was commander of the garrison in Weymouth, Atlantis during the first winter of the Atlantean War of Independence. When Atlantean General Victor Radcliff concluded his winter campaign with an attack on Weymouth, Lavery refused Radcliff's demand for surrender.

Radcliff had sharpshooters fire on all British soldiers that appeared on the streets of Weymouth. One reported that he had shot a British officer. Radcliff never learned for sure if that officer was Lavery, but the battle that came the next day was so short, with the British retreating in a matter of hours, that Radcliff could not help but wonder if Lavery had indeed been killed.


Lemuel was a soldier of the Army of the Atlantean Assembly. He served at the Battle of Weymouth, where he was overheard by General Victor Radcliff to proclaim that the British weren't so tough, and that the Atlanteans would be a match if they had bayonets.


Micah was a message-runner with the Atlantean Army during the Atlantean War of Independence. He brought the Marquis de La Fayette's proposed plan for a joint attack on Croydon to General Victor Radcliff. He was shot at by the British before arriving in Hanover; only the fact that his hat was small and sat high on his head kept him from death. Nonetheless, Radcliff banished Micah from the room when he read de La Fayette's message and composed a response.[58]

Richard Mitchell[]

Richard Mitchell was a goldsmith living in Croydon, Atlantis. He was also a pamphleteer; among other works his tract entitled Where Now? called for a radical solution to the growing tensions between Atlantis and Britain.

In 1775, as Hanover lay under British occupation, Mitchell personally brought news to Victor Radcliff and Erasmus Radcliff of a battle between Atlanteans and the British in which the latter were driven off after attempting a surprise seizure of Atlantean arms.[59]

Daniel Pipes[]

Daniel Pipes was a corporal in the British army serving under William Howe's command on the continent of Atlantis in the 1770s. Soon after the Battle of Weymouth during the first year of the Atlantean War of Independence, Pipes deserted and, upon meeting Atlantean general Victor Radcliff, informed him that Howe was trying to march around Radcliff's flank. Radcliff asked Pipes why he deserted; the corporal said that it would take forever for him to be promoted in the British army to sergeant, and figured his chances for promotion were better in the Atlantean army. Radcliff promised to promote Pipes to sergeant should his information regarding Howe's maneuver prove true, which it did.[60]

Gustavus Vasa Rand[]

Gustavus Vasa Rand was a plump merchant from Hanover, Atlantis. He was the second person to inform General Victor Radcliff that British general Charles Cornwallis had detached a part of his garrison at Hanover to help put down the rebellions in Terranova.[61] Rand also informed Radcliff that Thomas Paine was the person responsible for the Terranovan troubles.[62]

Josias Rich[]

Josias Rich served as Habakkuk Biddiscombe's attorney during the latter's treason trial. He did not believe Biddiscombe was innocent, but he did the best he could to prevent his client from being convicted in the interests of due process and justice.[63]

Ebenezer Sanders[]

Ebenezer "Eb" Sanders was a very philosophical soldier in the Army of the Atlantean Assembly, who got into a heated debate about predestination with some other common soldiers. General Victor Radcliff and his adjutant Blaise Black heard them, prompting Black to muse philosophically about the nature of slavery as an institution, and ask questions for which Radcliff had no good answer.[64]


Seth (d. 1775) was an Atlantean soldier killed at the Battle of Weymouth when a cannonball decapitated him. His friends commented on the substantial amount of blood that poured from his body.

Hiram Smith[]

Hiram Smith represented New Marseille in the Atlantean Assembly early in the Atlantean War of Independence. After the Battle of Weymouth, wherein Weymouth fell to Britain, Smith suggested to General Victor Radcliff that not only had Radcliff successfully removed gunpowder and firearms from Weymouth, he removed the entire town of Weymouth from free Atlantis and returned it to King George III. That drew quiet laughter from the Assembly, and an impassioned defense of the Army from Radcliff.[65]

Robert Smith[]

Robert "Uncle Bobby" Smith was a politician from Croydon, Atlantis. At the outset of the Atlantean War of Independence, Smith was part of a delegation from the Atlantean Assembly that requested Victor Radcliff take command of the Army of the Atlantean Assembly. Smith was the most impassioned speaker present, reminding Radcliff of his famous relative, Edward Radcliffe, and the sacrifice he made to keep the "Black Earl" of Warwick from declaring himself king of Atlantis.

No one knew why Smith was called "Uncle Bobby"; he'd had the nickname even in his youth. Victor Radcliff privately doubted even Smith knew.[66]

Randolph Welles[]

Randolph Welles was the skipper for a ship called the Rosebud in Hanover, Atlantis. During the third year of the Atlantean War of Independence, Welles carried General Victor Radcliff and Sgt. Blaise Black from Hanover down to Cosquer. Welles, who's otherwise struck Radcliff as mild tempered, made it clear that he would make the decision as to whether the Rosebud would flee, fight, or surrender should the Royal Navy present an issue. Happily, it didn't.[67]

Dominic Whiting[]

Dominic Whiting was a colonel in the Army of the Atlantean Assembly during the Atlantean War of Independence. He was an aggressive soldier, and unusual in that he was also an excellent soldier.

During the Battle of Bredestown, he reported to General Victor Radcliff that British General William Howe's forces were pressing his position too hard. Radcliff, who hadn't wanted to really win the battle, knew that Whiting's position was probably even more insecure than he let on, and ordered him to withdraw.

Radcliff knew Whiting liked his rum, but ignored that given Whiting's talent as a soldier.[68]


Willie (d. 1776) was an infant killed when the British Royal Navy shelled Weymouth, destroying his family's home. His mother, Joan, wanted to go back, but her husband refused, confirming that Willie had been killed. As Victor Radcliff had concluded the family had been pro-British, he was not moved by their loss.[69]

"Audubon in Atlantis"[]

Hiram Bartlett[]

Hiram Bartlett ran the Bartlett Line of passenger ships. He was a subscriber to John James Audubon's Birds and Viviparous Quadrupeds of Northern Terranova and Atlantis, or so one of his employees reported to Audubon.[70]


Beth was a young woman Edward Harris shared brief dalliance with aboard the Maid of Orleans.[71]

Lehonti Kent[]

Lehonti Kent was a very old hunter living in Bideford, Atlantis. In 1843, he gave John James Audubon and Edward Harris information that honkers might still be found near the town of Thetford. Kent also answered Audubon's questions about the House of Universal Devotion sect.[72]


Valjean was a pirate from the history of Avalon, Atlantis, memorialized in the street name Valjean Avenue.[73]

Literary comment[]

Unlike Goldbeard Walter Kennedy and Cutpurse Charlie Condent, the company he keeps in this passage, Valjean is not mentioned in the "Avalon" prequel.

Liberating Atlantis[]


Abigail was a copperskin slave on the New Marseille plantation of Henry Barford in 1852. She was given the task of taking care of three soldiers who had yellow jack, an honor she did not want.[74]


Andrew was a Negro slave on Ebenezer St. Clair's plantation. The master had impregnated Andrew's wife. When Frederick Radcliff's Liberating Army overthrew St. Clair, Andrew gleefully avenged himself on this slight by raping St. Clair's wife Lucille. He then enjoyed burning the plantation house down, which Radcliff had ordered purely as a practical matter to eradicate incriminating evidence.[75]

Justinian Bainbridge[]

Justinian Bainbridge was a senator from New Marseille. He was known for his vocal support of slavery and state sovereignty. After the Atlantean Servile Insurrection broke out, he frantically demanded on the Senate floor that Army troops be sent to put down the uprising, and apparently did not see the ironic contradiction of his previous platform.[76]


Bill was a copperskin slave on the plantation of Henry Barford in 1852. On Frederick Radcliff's first day as a field-slave, he watched the overseer, Matthew, smack Bill on the back with a switch for not working fast enough. Frederick would not have wanted anyone looking at him the way Bill looked at Matthew. Bill, however, did pick up the pace.[77]

Porfirio Cardenas[]

Porfirio Cardenas represented Gernika in the Atlantean Senate. When Consul Jeremiah Stafford accused Consul Leland Newton of being soft on the Atlantean Servile Insurrection, Cardenas jeered so loud at Newton that he threw himself into a coughing fit.[78]


Clarence was the head house-slave of Senator Abel Marquard of Cosquer. When his master reneged on a promise to vote for emancipation, Clarence led the household staff in a strike until Marquard honored his agreement.


Collins or Conlin (Consul Jeremiah Stafford was unsure of the right name) was a state militiaman during the Atlantean Servile Insurrection.[79]

Custis (Free Republic soldier)[]

Custis was a Negro scout in the Liberating Army.[80]

Devotee chaplain[]

After the main force of the Atlantean Army surrendered to the Free Republic of Atlantis, a skinny prisoner of war declared that he was a clergyman, and offered to minister to the captives. Tribune Frederick Radcliff allowed this, provided that the preacher did not say anything politically sensitive, such as that whites were superior to Negroes and copperskins, or that God favored the USA's side. The man agreed, and recited the 23rd Psalm and the Lord's Prayer, as he had promised.

However, after stating that the dead soldiers had given their last full measure of devotion, he declared that the House of God was a House of Universal Devotion, and embraced the controversial doctrines of the mysterious Samuel Jones. Another prisoner said that following Jones' House only would to lead to Hell, which was countered by someone's statement that God spoke directly through Jones. When the matter came to fisticuffs, Radcliff fired his pistol into the air, and declared that any further misbehavior would cause the combatants to be treated as mad dogs. (He chose a richly ironic turn of phrase, as mad dogs was a term for rebellious slaves.) When an enemy of the House tried to argue theology with Radcliff, the Tribune told him that each man's relationship with God was his own business, and the captors would end any trouble started by the captives.[81]


Governor Donovan presided over the State of New Marseille during the Atlantean Servile Insurrection and declared a state of emergency accordingly.[82]

Sam Duncan[]

Sam Duncan (b. c. 1810), a man of Cosquer, was a Major in the Atlantean Army, and a friend of Consul Jeremiah Stafford. Duncan was from a rich family that had some Radcliffe blood, and his brother was a planter.[83]


Ed was a copperskin slave on Henry Barford's plantation. On Frederick Radcliff's first day as a field-slave, Ed and his wife, Wilma, were the last to present themselves at the morning line-up. The overseer, Matthew, pointedly shamed them for being the last and for the fact that they were copperskins and implicitly, should have known better than Negroes.[84]

Elizabeth (Free Republic soldier)[]

Elizabeth was a Negro soldier of the Liberating Army.[85]


Humphrey was one of many soldiers of the Liberating Army who were caught taking absence without leave. Tribune Frederick Radcliff lectured Humphrey on the principles of military discipline, referring to the procedures of his own grandfather Victor Radcliff. Humphrey reminded the Tribune that the senior Radcliff was a white man who did not free any slaves, and that the Tribune had spent most of his life as a comfortable house slave, whereas Humphrey knew true slavery from the fields. Frederick Radcliff was a reasonable man and conceded that Humphrey was telling the truth, but reminded him that Victor had started the process of liberation, and it was their job to complete it. He then pointed out that if Humphrey deserted, he would be helping the white folks defeat the Liberating Army, and might earn himself 30 pieces of silver.[86]

As far as Frederick knew, Humphrey did not try to desert again.[87]


Ivanhoe was a slave on Benjamin Barker's plantation. In 1852, when the Servile Insurrection came there, Ivanhoe told Barker "We don't got to listen to you no more! You're gonna git what you deserve!" Barker shot him dead.[88]

Zebulon James[]

Zebulon James was a self-proclaimed "true Christian gentleman" of Atlantis who wrote an impassioned letter to Consul Leland Newton, describing why the white race was superior to the black and copperskined varieties. Newton wrote a reply asking which color of these was James, and suggesting that he could only be objective were he of some other color, such as yellow or green.[89]


Jane was a fiery, fanatical young woman who joined Frederick Radcliff's Liberating Army after he freed her from slavery on Ebenezer St. Clair's plantation.[90]


Jerome was a copperskin slave on Jacques Menand's plantation. He observed the Servile Insurrection coming their way, and warned his master about it. They fled together. The other slaves regarded Jerome as a Judas.[91]


Joaquin was a copperskin soldier of the Free Republic of Atlantis. After hunting down a flapjack turtle for the soldiers' supper, he said "I'll take this to the girls now", and General Frederick Radcliff said that for his health, Joaquin should not call the army's female soldiers "girls."[92]


Jonas was a slave on Henry Barford's plantation. In 1852 he sickened from the yellow jack brought from Peter Torrance's soldiers. Matthew the overseer grumbled about the inefficiency this caused.[93]


Kingsley was the owner of Kingsley's Chop House in New Hastings. Leland Newton was a frequent patron of this restaurant.[94]


Lou was a Negro slave on Henry Barford's New Marseille plantation in 1852. He was the first person to notice the arrival of cavalry troops on the estate.[95]


Marcus was a Negro slave who acted as Veronique Barker's footman. He arrived with his mistress to Clotilde Barford's home, intending to win plenty from the Barford slaves at dice.[96]

Abel Marquard[]

Abel Marquard was an Atlantean Senator from Cosquer. Following the Slug Hollow Accord, he promised Frederick Radcliff to vote for emancipation if Radcliff would convince the rebels in Gernika to agree to the Accord, but when this was done he denied making any such promise. Marquard's butler Clarence overheard this, and led Marquard's household staff in going on strike until Marquard agreed to honor his promise to Radcliff.


Matthew was the overseer on Henry Barford's plantation in the state of New Marseille, United States of Atlantis.[97] While he was a hard task-master,[98] he was not as wantonly cruel as he could have been.[99]

Matthew whipped Frederick Radcliff after Radcliff was demoted from house slave. He also supervised Radcliff's labor.[100]

On Frederick's second day in the field, Atlantean cavalry soldiers arrived at the Barford plantation. The soldiers had been on their way to the city of New Marseille, but three men developed symptoms of yellow jack, and their commander decided not to risk an epidemic in the city.[101]

Matthew was completely oblivious to the fact that the arms the soldiers carried were increasingly unprotected, and that Radcliff had designs on them. When Radcliff had resolved to launch an uprising, his first act was to kill Matthew, beating the overseer with a hoe.[102]

Jacques Menand[]

Jacques Menand was a southern Atlantean planter. When the Servile Insurrection came to his farm, his slave Jerome warned him of it, and they fled together.[103]

Harris Mitchell[]

Harris Mitchell represented Freetown in the Atlantean Senate in 1852.[104]

Paddy Molloy[]

Paddy Molloy was a soldier in the Atlantean Army. During the Servile Insurrection, he captured the Liberating Army soldier Elizabeth.[105]

Ned (secretary)[]

Ned was Jeremiah Stafford's personal secretary. After the Atlantean Servile Insurrection was over, Ned escorted Lt. Morris Radcliffe into Stafford's office.[106]

Ezra Pilkington[]

Ezra Pilkington (b. 1790s) was a Croydon lawyer who came to New Hastings to practice law in the capital of Atlantis. In 1852 at Kingsley's Chop House, he met with his old friend Leland Newton, now Consul, to plan out a strategy by which Newton could bend the Atlantean Charter to find a way to deal with the Servile Insurrection, and serve Newton's own anti-slavery agenda at the same time.[107]

Isaac Ricardo[]

Isaac Ricardo was a secretary in the office of the Consuls of Atlantis. He was Jewish. Consul Leland Newton thought Ricardo was intelligent enough to be Consul himself, but the anti-Semitic undercurrent of the nation made this a virtual impossibility. However, Ricardo showed no particular desire to be Consul. Newton, who was beginning to find the job a thankless trial, thought that this might prove Ricardo to be the wiser of the two men.[108]

Scrap Iron[]

"Scrap Iron" was a large, uncouth man from the seedier quarter of New Hastings. In 1852, Major Sam Duncan used martial arts to subdue the aggressive Scrap Iron in a barroom brawl, while the incognito Consul Jeremiah Stafford looked on.[109]

Ebenezer St. Clair[]

Ebenezer "Eb" St. Clair was an Atlantean landowner, known for his stinginess. He was killed in a firefight during the Servile Insurrection by Frederick Radcliff's Liberating Army, and his slaves freed. This was done with the help of his slave Andrew, whose wife had been impregnated by St. Clair.[110]

Lucille St. Clair[]

Lucille St. Clair was the wife of planter Ebenezer St. Clair. She occasionally went to the same socials as Clotilde Barford. When the St. Clair plantation was overthrown by the Liberating Army, Lucille was raped by her slave Andrew, in revenge for Eb St. Clair's use of Andrew's woman. Lucille's friends were raped by Andrew's friends. The Liberating Army's General Frederick Radcliff was aghast at the mass rape, but determined that the women had to be bludgeoned to death, lest they tell tales that would inspire the whites to take further reprisals.[111]

Annabelle Stafford[]

Annabelle Stafford was the wife of Consul Jeremiah Stafford. Born in Cosquer near the border with Gernika, by 1852 she had buried three babies and become small, dark and sad-looking.[112]


Stu (d. 1852) was one of the group of soldiers that held-up at Henry Barford's plantation when yellow jack hit the unit. Stu didn't catch the disease. He was among the soldiers killed when the Atlantean Servile Insurrection began; Lorenzo stabbed Stu to death.[113]


Wilma was a copperskin slave on Henry Barford's plantation. On Frederick Radcliff's first day as a field-slave, Wilma and her husband Ed were the last to present themselves at the morning line-up. The overseer, Matthew, pointedly shamed them for being the last and for the fact that they were copperskins and implicitly, should have known better than Negroes.[114]

"The Scarlet Band"[]


Kate was one of two Handmaidens of the Spirit sent by Preacher Samuel Jones to accompany Athelstan Helms and James Walton back to Britain.[115]

Lucy Morris[]

Lucy Morris was the widow of Benjamin Joshua Morris, a critic of the House of Universal Devotion.[116]


Polly was a Handmaiden of the Spirit, part of an order of women within in the House of Universal Devotion. She was one of the women that Preacher Samuel Jones sent to accompany Athelstan Helms and James Walton back to Britain.[117]

Henry Praeger[]

Henry Praeger was the Rector of the House of Universal Devotion located in Hanover. Athelstan Helms approached Praeger about information on the whereabouts of the House's founder, Samuel Jones. Praeger didn't know, but had connections in the House hierarchy, who summoned Helms to Thetford.[118]

Henry David Primrose[]

Henry David Primrose was an Atlantean whom Athelstan Helms and James Walton encountered on the train from Hanover to Thetford. Primrose overheard their conversation about religious beliefs, and interjected when they broached the subject of Charles Darwin. Primrose was convinced Darwin and those who accepted his theories were going to hell. Walton was initially inclined to listen to Primrose on the possibility that he was in fact the elusive Preacher. Instead, Walton soon realized that Primrose was a "nut" (in Atlantean vernacular), and a Methodist, which made him a boring nut.[119]

Succot brothers[]

The Succot brothers were an acting troupe from the United States of Atlantis in the mid 19th century, like. One of the brothers had a famous vocal tic whereby he would often add the word "like" to the end of sentences, like. This habit was soon copied by the general public, and became a common enough Atlantean locution, like.[120]

Literary comment[]

"Succot" is the Hebrew word for "booth," with the allusion being to acting brothers Junius Brutus Booth Jr., Edwin Booth, and John Wilkes Booth.


  1. Ibid., p. 94-98.
  2. Opening Atlantis, pg. 53.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid., pg. 54.
  5. Ibid., pg. 55.
  6. Ibid., pgs. 53-55.
  7. Ibid., p. 55.
  8. Ibid., p. 78-79.
  9. Ibid., p. 49.
  10. Ibid., pg. 49, HC.
  11. Ibid., pg. 31.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Ibid., pg. 32.
  14. Ibid. pg. 79.
  15. Ibid., pg. 48.
  16. Ibid., pg. 84.
  17. Ibid., pgs. 91-92.
  18. Ibid. pgs. 130-132.
  19. Ibid. pgs. 151-156.
  20. Ibid., pgs. 161-162.
  21. Ibid., pg. 179, HC.
  22. Ibid., pgs. 202-204, HC.
  23. Ibid., pgs. 206-208, HC.
  24. Opening Atlantis, pg. 184.
  25. Ibid., pg. 254.
  26. Ibid., pgs. 182-183.
  27. Ibid., pg. 215.
  28. Ibid., pgs. 431-433.
  29. Ibid., pg. 395.
  30. Ibid., p. 335.
  31. Ibid., pgs. 377, PB.
  32. Ibid., pg. 340.
  33. Ibid., pg. 345-346.
  34. Ibid., pg. 352.
  35. Ibid., pg. 368-373.
  36. The United States of Atlantis, pg. 362-363.
  37. Ibid., pgs. 37-38, HC.
  38. Ibid., pg. 38.
  39. Ibid., pgs. 47-48, PB.
  40. Ibid., pg. 323-324.
  41. Ibid., pg. 180.
  42. Ibid., pg. 179.
  43. Ibid., pg. 179.
  44. Ibid., pg. 180.
  45. Ibid.
  46. Ibid., pg. 275.
  47. Ibid., pgs. 372-374.
  48. Ibid., pg. 378.
  49. Ibid., pgs. 380-381.
  50. Ibid., pgs. 27-30.
  51. Ibid., pgs. 250-252.
  52. Ibid., pg. 224.
  53. Ibid., pg. 303-305.
  54. Ibid., pg. 131.
  55. Later referenced as Tom Knox.
  56. Ibid., pg. 41, PB.
  57. Ibid., pg. 111.
  58. Ibid., pg. 308-309.
  59. Ibid., pg. 17, PB.
  60. Ibid., pgs. 59-60, PB.
  61. Ibid., pgs. 236-237.
  62. Ibid., pg. 237.
  63. Ibid., pg. 417-418.
  64. Ibid., p. 201-203.
  65. Ibid., pgs. 69-70.
  66. Ibid., pgs. 26-28, PB.
  67. Ibid., pgs. 273-274.
  68. Ibid., pgs. 82-83, PB.
  69. Ibid., pg. 131.
  70. See e.g.: Atlantis and Other Places, pg. 5, HC.
  71. Ibid., pgs. 15-16, HC.
  72. Ibid., pgs. 40-41, HC.
  73. Ibid., p. 22.
  74. Liberating Atlantis, pg. 40, HC.
  75. Ibid., pgs. 86-92.
  76. Ibid., p. 102-104.
  77. Ibid., pgs. 32-33.
  78. Ibid., p. 104.
  79. Ibid., p. 242.
  80. Ibid., pgs. 218-219.
  81. Ibid., pgs. 315-319
  82. Ibid., p. 110-111.
  83. Ibid., chapter VII.
  84. Ibid., pg. 31, HC.
  85. Ibid., pgs. 270-274.
  86. Ibid., pgs. 330-332.
  87. Ibid., p. 337.
  88. Ibid., p. 70.
  89. Ibid., pgs. 113-114.
  90. Ibid., p. 93
  91. Ibid., p. 78-80.
  92. Ibid., p. 274.
  93. Ibid., p. 46, HC.
  94. Ibid., p. 118-121.
  95. Ibid., pg. 37, HC.
  96. Ibid., p. 11-13.
  97. Ibid., pg. 23, HC.
  98. See, e.g., 30-31
  99. See, e.g., pg. 34.
  100. Ibid., pgs. 23-28.
  101. Ibid., pg. 37-39.
  102. Ibid., pg. 54.
  103. Ibid., p. 78-80.
  104. Ibid., p. 105.
  105. Ibid., pgs. 270-271.
  106. Ibid., pg. 436.
  107. Ibid., p. 121.
  108. Ibid., pgs. 112-113.
  109. Ibid., pgs. 122-126.
  110. Ibid., pgs. 85-92.
  111. Ibid., pgs. 85-92.
  112. Ibid., pgs. 125-127.
  113. Ibid., pg. 58.
  114. Ibid., pg. 31, HC.
  115. See e.g.: Atlantis and Other Places, pgs. 439-440, HC.
  116. Ibid., pg. 421, HC.
  117. Ibid., pgs. 439-440.
  118. Ibid., pgs. 393-395.
  119. Ibid., pgs. 403-404, HC.
  120. Ibid., p. 376, like.