Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (Russian, Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв) (born 2 March 1931) was a Soviet politician. He was the last General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the last head of state of the USSR, serving from 1985 until its collapse in 1991. He holds the distinction of having been the only Soviet leader who was born under the Soviet flag.
Gorbachev's attempts at reform — perestroika and glasnost — as well as summit conferences with Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush of the United States, contributed to the end of the Cold War.
Following the dissolution of the nation which he had led, Gorbachev attempted to remain active in Russian politics by running for president of the Federation in 1996. Though this failed, he continued leading minor political parties and speaking out about the states of numerous important affairs.
Mikhail Gorbachev in A World of Difference
Mikhail Gorbachev (1931-1985) became General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1985. He was one of several leaders who held power briefly in the 1980s, without making much of a lasting impact. During his term, he introduced a number of reforms, including placing limitations on the KGB, and there were speculations that he might have had more far-reaching reforms in mind. However, he died of an apparent brain hemorrhage after a mere nine months in office. Some suspected that the brain hemorrhage was of the nine-millimeter variety. As the Soviet government again toughened its policies and restored the KGB's full powers, no one spoke too loudly of these suspicions.
Mikhail Gorbachev in Worldwar
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was the protocol officer at the Soviet embassy to the United States in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1965. Vyacheslav Molotov made a point of learning Gorbachev's name and patronymic because he believed in Gorbachev's abilities, despite a tendency to put form ahead of substance.
While his surname is not given, enough clues to Gorbachev's identity are provided.
Mikhail Gorbachev in The Two Georges
While his surname isn't given, the reference to his "broad, bald forehead," and the fact that this would not be the only time Harry Turtledove has cast him in the role of an embassy protocol officer, are strong indicators of Gorbachev's identity.