The Mexican Army is the combined land and air branch and largest of the Mexican Military services; it also is known as the National Defense Army.
Mexican Army in Southern Victory
The 19th Century
The Mexican Republican Army had been defeated during the First Mexican War, losing control of New Mexico, Utah, California, and part of Colorado. This defeat left many Mexicans with little love of the United States. During the French intervention, and the installation of the Emperor Maximilian, the army was renamed the Mexican Imperial Army. Although never threatened again, they spent most of their time fighting Apache Indians along the US frontier, until that region was transferred over to the CSA. Ironically, the army of Mexico played almost no role in the so-called Second Mexican War.
The Great War
When the Great War began in 1914, Mexico joined the Entente, but did not see any major action until 1916 when US forces invaded Baja California in an attempt to close off the Pacific Ocean to the CS Navy. The Mexicans, although not as thoroughly equipped with the latest weapons, they were none the less armed with mortars, while the US soldiers had no such artillery support. This allowed them to stop the US invasion, and force them to retreat.
The Mexican Civil War
When the Great War ended, Mexico found itself in Civil War which lasted until the mid 1920s. The most notable battle the Mexican army fought was the battle of San Luis Potosi where they were supported by Confederate Great War veterans and barrels. This helped secure victory for the Mexican Army.
The Second Great War
In 1941, Mexico, now under the rule of Francisco José II, joined the Second Great War by declaring war upon the Central Powers, although little if any fighting occurred between US and Mexican forces during the first year. In 1942, the Veracruz Division and two other divisions of the Mexican army were sent to the US to help the CS Army's drive to Pittsburgh, in Operation Coalscuttle. The Mexican army during both wars wore yellowish-khaki that was well suited to Mexico's northern deserts, though it was less useful in Pennsylvania. These formations were destroyed by the counter-offensive led by General Irving Morrell. Afterwards, Confederate President Jake Featherston extorted five more divisions from the Mexican army, this time for use against Negro partisans.
During the Second Great War, Mexican troops were ill-supplied with machine guns, barrels and artillery, though at least each man had a rifle. They proved courageous enough and valuable in holding quiet sectors, but were unable to stand up to US offensives.
In 1943, Mexico itself came under attack when the US Marines invaded Baja California from the sea. Although they fought courageously, and their uniforms were better suited to camouflage than the marines, they were defeated. This resulted in the peninsula being occupied by the US.