Maximilian I of Mexico
Historical Figure
Nationality: Mexico (born in Austria)
Date of Birth: 1832
Date of Death: 1867
Cause of Death: Execution by firing squad
Occupation: Sailor, Soldier, Monarch
Spouse: Charlotte ("Carlotta") of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Children: Agustín & Salvador (adopted sons)
Relatives: Franz Joseph I of Austria (brother);
Franz Ferdinand of Austria (nephew);
Charles I of Austria (great-nephew)
House: Habsburg-Lorraine (by birth)
Iturbide (by adoption)
Political Office(s): Emperor of Mexico
Fictional Appearances:
The Guns of the South
POD: January 17, 1864
Type of Appearance: Contemporary references
Southern Victory
POD: September 10, 1862
Appearance(s): American Front prologue
Type of Appearance: Oblique contemporary reference
Date of Death: 19th century, date unknown
Cause of Death: Unknown
Children: Maximilian II (presumed)
Relatives: Francisco Jose I,
Maximilian III,
Francisco Jose II (presumed descendants)
Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph, 6 July 1832 - 19 June 1867) was a member of Austria's Imperial Hapsburg-Lorraine family. With the backing of Napoleon III of France and a group of Mexican monarchists, he was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico on 10 April 1864. Many foreign governments refused to recognize his government, including the United States. This ensured the success of Republican forces and Maximilian was executed, after capture by Republicans, in 1867.

He was the younger brother of Franz Joseph I of Austria, the Emperor from Austria-Hungary from 1848 to 1916, and the uncle of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose assassination on June 28, 1914 resulted in the outbreak of World War I.

Maximilian I in The Guns of the SouthEdit

Maximilian I, newly installed as Emperor of Mexico, extended recognition to the Confederate States after the Army of Northern Virginia took Washington City in 1864.[1] The future relationship between the Empire and the Confederacy was still being debated in 1868, after President Jefferson Davis left office and Robert E. Lee succeeded him.[2] However, Maximilian's government was disposed to be friendly to the C.S. generally.[3]

Throughout the 1860s, Maximilian faced rebels led by Benito Juárez. With the aid of French forces, Maximilian was able to inflict a series of defeats on Juárez in 1867.[4]

Maximilian I in Southern VictoryEdit

Emperor Maximilian I (1832-c 1880) came to the throne of Mexico in 1862 with the backing of Emperor Napoleon III of France and the support of the Confederate States, and over the protests of the United States.[5][6] The dynasty he founded there would remain in power through the Second Great War, and would rely on the Entente, and especially on the Confederacy, for protection from the wrath of the United States.[7]

Maximilian's installation was a violation of the Monroe Doctrine. The French and Confederates prevented the US from enforcing the doctrine, thus effectively shooting it between the eyes.


  1. The Guns of the South, pg. 229.
  2. Ibid., pg. 251.
  3. Ibid., pg. 376.
  4. Ibid, pg. 376.
  5. American Front, pg. 8.
  6. See: Inconsistencies in Turtledove's Work#Inconsistencies in Southern Victory
  7. See, Southern Victory, generally.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Benito Juárez as President,
Last monarch was Agustín I
Emperor of Mexico
Succeeded by
Monarchy abolished,
Juárez restored as President</small>
Regnal titles
(Southern Victory)
Preceded by
Benito Juárez as President,
Last monarch was Agustín I
Emperor of Mexico
(dates speculative)
Succeeded by
Maximilian II
Regnal titles
(Fictional Work)
Preceded by
Benito Juárez as President,
Last monarch was Agustín I
Emperor of Mexico
(The Guns of the South)

Succeeded by
Incumbent at novel's end, 1868
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