Mars the fourth planet from the Sun. The planet is named after Mars, the Roman god of war and destruction. Mars is also known as the "Red Planet" due to its reddish appearance when seen from Earth.

Mars has two moons, Phobos and Deimos, which are small and oddly shaped. These may be captured asteroids similar to 5261 Eureka, a Mars Trojan asteroid. Mars can be seen from Earth with the naked eye. Its apparent magnitude reaches −2.9, a brightness surpassed only by Venus, the Moon, and the Sun. For much of the year, Jupiter may appear brighter to the naked eye than Mars.

Due to faulty telescope images published in the late 19th century, it was widely believed that there were canals on Mars, built by sentient beings. This notion informed several works of popular fiction, including those of H.G. Wells and Edgar Rice Burroughs.

Mars in "Before the Beginning"[]

The time-viewer revealed that Mars did support microscopic life three and a half billion years ago, a fact which impressed few, as it looked nothing like Edgar Rice Burroughs' John Carter and Dejah Thoris.[1]

Mars in "Birdwitching"[]

Popular movies depicted alien invaders as coming from Mars. In reality, there could be no such aliens, as magic had shown Mars and the other planets to be nothing but lights attached to moving crystal-spheres.[2]

Mars in Crosstime Traffic[]

The home timeline had deemed Mars of limited value and had yet to send a manned mission to the planet in the late 2090s. However, several alternates - having no access to alternate timelines and that needing to "make do with what they had" - had embarked on extensive Martian programs. At least one of them was actively terraforming the planet by crashing ice asteroids into the surface to create oceans; however, the program was very expensive in the present while it would bear fruit only after many generations.

Mars in Curious Notions[]

In an alternate designated "3477" by Crosstime Traffic, the German Empire had sent a probe to Mars and determined that it was lifeless. Consequently, it was decided that it was not worth sending a manned mission to the planet.

Mars in The Disunited States of America[]

Mars had been visited by astronauts from Prussia and California by the year 2097.

Mars in In the Presence of Mine Enemies[]

The Greater German Reich had visited Mars in the early years of the 21st century. By 2010, manned shuttle missions were regular events.[3]

Mars in "Manuscript Tradition"[]

The microbes of Mars were the first discovered extraterrestrial life.[4]

Mars in "Next Year in Jerusalem"[]

Manned missions to Mars were an occasional, familiar occurrence in the 22nd century.[5]

Mars in "The Road Not Taken"[]

Humans began travelling to Mars in the 21st century. The third manned mission there, Ares III, was en route when it encountered a Roxolan fleet in 2039. This was first contact between Earth and the Roxolans, but they were unable to communicate during this brief meeting.[6]

Mars in "The Star and the Rockets"[]

Joe Bauman was initially afraid the three aliens he met at his Texaco station were from Mars. Reading his mind, the lead alien assured him they were from some place much further away than Mars.

Mars in Worldwar[]

With access to Race technology, both the United States and the Greater German Reich were able to send manned spacecraft to Mars (or Tosev 4) in the years between the Peace of Cairo in 1944 and the arrival of the Race's Colonization Fleet in 1962. The Race couldn't understand why it was so important to the Big Uglies, as they deemed Mars to be a "useless" world.[7] In 1964, an asteroid impact occurred which was later revealed to be an American test of the use of asteroids as weapons.

See also[]