Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as Landslide Lyndon or LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969). After serving a 22 year career in the U.S. Congress, Johnson became the 37th Vice President, and in 1963, he succeeded to the presidency following President John F. Kennedy's assassination. He was elected in his own right in 1964, defeating Republican candidate Barry Goldwater in a lopsided victory.
Johnson's presidency saw the enactment of the "Great Society" legislation domestically, which sought to expand the social safety net, protect civil rights, and end poverty. However, his escalation of American involvement in the Vietnam War coupled with domestic unrest and a soaring crime rate ate away at his popularity. In 1968, he was challenged for the Democratic nomination by Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota. In the New Hampshire primary, McCarthy carried 42% of the vote to Johnson's 49%, a strong showing given Johnson's status as the incumbent. The race was joined by Robert Kennedy. When polling data suggested that Johnson was trailing in Wisconsin, he announced on March 31, 1968 that he would not seek nor accept the nomination.
Johnson died on January 22, 1973, which was four years and two days after he left office.
Lyndon Johnson's decision not to seek re-nomination was among many "portents" in the Spring of 1968. Another such portent was an iceberg that had broken from Antarctica'sRoss Ice Shelf in 1966 and floated north to the coast of San Francisco in May 1968.
While Johnson ordered the military to stand at the ready, the iceberg landed and a swarm of shoggoths attacked San Francisco.