Louisville (pronounced by the locals as "LOO a vil", not "LOO ee vil" or "LOO iss vil") is the largest city in the U.S. state of Kentucky, and the county seat of Jefferson County. Population: 760,026 (2014).
Louisville in The Guns of the South
While traveling through Kentucky in early 1865 in preparation for the state's vote on whether to join the Confederacy, Robert E. Lee stopped in Louisville. While staying at the Galt House, Lee was fired upon by a black man. The shooter was angry that Lee had captured Washington City in the recent war, subverting the Union's planned emancipation of all slaves in the South. Lee attributed his survival to the gunman's view being obstructed by the glare of the morning sun.
Former US President Abraham Lincoln made a passionate speech in Louisville on April 14, 1865, urging the Kentuckians to remain in the Union. Lincoln's heartfelt plea turned out to be in vain that June.
Louisville in Southern Victory
Louisville, Kentucky, an important Confederate river port on the Ohio River and because of its close proximity to the state of Indiana, was a primary objective of the United States Army during the Second Mexican War. Thanks to the efforts of the CS army, particularly General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, Louisville was heavily defended, and became a meatgrinder for U.S. forces.
At the start of the Second Great War, the U.S. bombed Louisville. As the war went on, the whole of Kentucky rejoined the Union after being captured by Union forces in the aftermath of the failed Operation Blackbeard post-Battle of Pittsburgh.