Louis XVI (23 August 1754 - 21 January 1793), Louis-Auguste de France, ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. Suspended and arrested during French Revolution, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of treason (sending sensitive information to Austria, France's enemy at the time), and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793. He is the only French monarch to have been executed.
During his reign, Louis made the fateful decision to recognize and support the United States. Without his recognition, the American Revolution would have failed, and for want of a successful example the French Revolution may very well have been averted.
In 1820, Louis' daughter petitioned Pope Pius VII for his sainthood. However, the Catholic Church ruled that there was insufficient evidence that Louis had been executed for religious rather than political reasons.
Louis XVI in The Two Georges
During the reign of Louis XVI, an insurgency was halted when the rebels attempted to take the Bastille in Paris, and were mowed down by the cannon of Lt. Colonel Napoleon Bonaparte. Bonaparte became a hero that day, and the French monarchy was saved.
Louis XVI in Atlantis
King Louis XVI was still young and fresh on the throne when the Atlantean War of Independence broke out in the 1770s. Atlantean Assemblyman Michel du Guesclin and General Victor Radcliff discussed how the inexperienced monarch would react when word reached him of British General William Howe's invasion of French Atlantis. Radcliff dispatched Assemblyman Custis Cawthorne to find out.
News from France didn't come quickly. Radcliff had defeated Howe at Grigsby's Field, conquered Cosquer and crossed the Green Ridge Mountains to chase General Charles Cornwallis out of New Marseille before word finally came back (via the French-speaking citizens of New Marseille) that King Louis had declared war on Great Britain and recognized the newly proclaimed United States of Atlantis.
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