Liberia is a small country in western Africa. It is bordered by Sierra Leone to the northwest, Guinea to the north, Côte d'Ivoire to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Founded as a colony in 1822 by freed slaves from the United States, the area was already inhabited by various indigenous ethnic groups who had occupied the region for centuries. In 1847, the colony of freed slaves declared independence and founded the Republic of Liberia. The capital is Monrovia, named after James Monroe who was President of the United States during the original colonization. In 1980, the government was overturned in a military coup, and from 1989 to 2005 Liberia was in a state of flux, witnessing the First Liberian Civil War (1989–1996) and the Second Liberian Civil War (1999–2003) which displaced hundreds of thousands of people and devastated the country's economy.
In 1882, Frederick Douglass, discouraged by the USA's defeat in the Second Mexican War and the subsequent rise in racism, considered emigrating to Liberia, but decided that doing so would be shirking his responsibilities to his countrymen and members of his race in North America.
In the wake of the 1941 British Military Coup, various British officials who had collaborated with the Nazis under the Hess Agreement were reassigned to diplomatic posts in far-off neutral countries where they couldn't cause trouble. One of these men was assigned to Liberia.