L. Frank Baum
Historical Figure
Nationality: United States
Date of Birth: 1856
Date of Death: 1919
Cause of Death: Stroke
Religion: Theosophistry, converted first to Methodism and Episcopalianism
Occupation: Actor, Author of Fiction, Author of Non-Fiction, Print Journalist, Playwright, Poet, Publisher, Composer, Film Producer
Spouse: Maud Gage
Children: Frank J., Robert S., Harry N., Kenneth G.
Fictional Appearances:
Southern Victory
POD: September 10, 1862
Appearance(s): American Front;
The Victorious Opposition
Type of Appearance: Direct (as "Lyman Baum") in AF;
Posthumous(?) references (as L. Frank Baum) in TVO
Occupation: Author, Pilot
Military Branch: United States Army Air Force
(Great War)

Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919) was an American author, poet, playwright, actor and independent filmmaker, best known today as the creator, along with illustrator William Wallace Denslow, of one of the most popular fantasy books in American children's literature, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, which was made into an iconic 1939 film. In addition to a series of fantasies with Oz in the title, Baum wrote Queen Zixi of Ix, John Dough and the Cherub, and numerous others with similar format and character treatment.

L. Frank Baum in Southern Victory[]

Lieutenant Lyman Baum was an American pilot on the Canadian Front at the beginning of the Great War. Baum was a little skinny guy with a black beard. He was part of a four man flight formation led by Lt. Jonathan Moss and his usual position was right wing man.[1][2]

When the squadron converted from one man Curtiss Super Hudsons to two man Wright-17s, Baum was one of many pilots who objected to the change. He was especially concerned over having to depend on the observer to defend the aeroplane since the Wright was a tractor type and so could not mount a machine gun on the nose as the Curtiss did. However, Captain Elijah Franklin had his orders and overruled the objections. When the observers arrived, he assigned Observer van Zandt to Baum.[3]


Baum also wrote popular children's books under the name L. Frank Baum. Bostonian factory worker Sylvia Enos read Baum's novel Queen Zixi of Ix to her children George and Mary Jane in 1915.[4] Two decades later, Canadian housewife-turned-terrorist Mary McGregor Pomeroy read the same book to her son Alec. She enjoyed the story, even though it was written by a "Yank," because it was set in a fantasy world where neither the USA nor Canada existed.[5]

Baum also wrote the popular story about the Wicked Witch of the North.[6]

See also[]


  1. American Front, pgs. 162-165, HC.
  2. See Inconsistencies (Southern Victory)
  3. Ibid., pgs. 249-251.
  4. Ibid., p. 537, mmp.
  5. The Victorious Opposition, chapter XVII.
  6. Ibid., p. 450, HC. Baum isn't referenced in this passage, but the allusion is obvious.