Joseph (Hebrew: יוֹסֵף; Arabic: يوسف; Ancient Greek: Ἰωσήφ) is an important figure in the Bible's Book of Genesis, chapters 37-50.
In the biblical narrative, Joseph son of Jacob was an Israelite shepherd, sold into slavery in Egypt by his jealous brothers. Due to his cleverness and gifts from God, Joseph rose from slavery to become vizier, the second most powerful man in Egypt next to Pharaoh, where his presence and office caused the Israelites to leave Canaan and settle in Egypt. Pharaoh gave him the name "Zaphnath-Paaneah" (Hebrew צָפְנַת פַּעְנֵחַ, Greek Ψονθομφανήχ, Genesis 41:45). Although the story is set at an unspecified date between 2000 and 1600 BC, its composition has not been proven to predate 700 BC. There is no extra-biblical attestation of the existence of Joseph and other characters in the narrative.
An often-referenced literary point regarding Joseph is the כְּתֹנֶת פַּסִּים "ketonet passim", a garment given to Joseph by his father to signify authority on their ranch. Usually translated as "coat of many colors", but also "a long robe with sleeves" or "a richly ornamented robe," this garment is torn and smeared with goat blood by Joseph's brothers, then presented as "proof" that Joseph has been mauled to death by wild beasts. Despite being only a minor element in the original narrative, this garment has inspired much speculation and literary creativity, including the musical play Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat (1970).