José Moscardó Ituarte
Historical Figure
Nationality: Spain
Date of Birth: 1878
Date of Death: 1956
Cause of Death: Natural causes
Occupation: Soldier, military governor
Children: Luis (d. 1936)
Military Branch: Army of the Spanish Nationalists (Spanish Civil War)
Fictional Appearances:
The War That Came Early
POD: July 20, 1936;
Relevant POD: September 29, 1938
Appearance(s): Hitler's War
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference

José Moscardó Ituarte (26 October 1878 – 12 April 1956), later Count of the Alcázar de Toledo, was the military Governor of Toledo Province during the Spanish Civil War. He sided with the Nationalist army fighting the Republican government and his most notable action was the defence and holding of the Alcázar de Toledo against Republican forces.

Moscardó, a colonel at the time, held out for General Francisco Franco's forces for 70 days from 22 July to 27 September 1936. Day after day, Moscardó sent out his daily radio report: "Sin novedad en el Alcázar "Nothing new at the Alcázar"). His defiance heartened Franco's supporters everywhere and maddened the Republicans, who committed vast forces in vain assaults on the Alcázar. Moscardó's son was captured by the Republicans, who attempted to use him as a bargaining chip to secure the Alcázar's surrender. Moscardó didn't yield, and his son was executed.

After Franco relieved the Alcázar, Moscardó was promoted to general. Although he saw plenty of combat, he did nothing so memorable as at the Alcázar.

José Moscardó Ituarte in The War That Came Early[]

José Moscardó Ituarte held the Alcázar de Toledo in 1936 until he was relieved by Marshal José Sanjurjo. This decision helped ensure that Madrid would remain in Republican hands for the first years of the Spanish Civil War.[1]


  1. Hitler's War, pg. 434.