John C. Frémont
Historical Figure
Nationality: United States
Date of Birth: 1813
Date of Death: 1890
Cause of Death: Natural causes (Peritonitis)
Religion: Episcopalian
Occupation: Soldier, Politician
Spouse: Jessie Benton Frémont
Children: Five, two of whom died in infancy
Relatives: Richard Taylor Jacob (brother-in-law)
Military Branch: United States Army (Mexican-American War;

Army (American Civil War)

Political Party: Democratic Party (Before 1854)
Republican Party (1854-1864)
Radical Democracy (1864)
Political Office(s): Military Governor of California
United States Senator from California,
Governor of Arizona Territory
Fictional Appearances:
The Guns of the South
POD: January 17, 1864
Type of Appearance: Contemporary reference
Political Party: Radical Republicans
Military Branch: Union Army (Second American Revolution)

John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890), was an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery, although he lost to Democratic candidate, James Buchanan.

Prior, Frémont served as a military governor of California (1847), and then US Senator (1850-1851). He held the rank of General for the Union army during the American Civil War. In 1862, as commander of the U.S. Army's Department of the West, Frémont took the dramatic step of imposing martial law on the state of Missouri, during which he emancipated the slaves and seized the property of secessionists. His actions brought him into conflict with President Abraham Lincoln, who overruled Frémont and rescinded his order.

In 1864, Frémont was the favored candidate of the Radical Republicans. Only a political deal with Lincoln kept Frémont from running. After the war, Frémont left politics, except for a brief stint as the territorial governor of Arizona.

John C. Frémont in The Guns of the South[]

With the Republican Party in disarray after the Confederate victory in Second American Revolution, John C. Frémont became the presidential nominee of the breakaway "Radical Republicans" in the 1864 election. Andrew Johnson, a Tennessee politician who had refused to secede with his home state, was Frémont's running-mate. The close election was won by Democratic candidate Horatio Seymour while incumbent Abraham Lincoln came in second. The Fremont-Johnson ticket came in third place in the popular vote with 436,337 votes but last in the electoral votes, carrying only three electoral votes from Kansas.

See also[]

Political offices
Preceded by
John Philo Hoyt
Governor of Arizona Territory
Succeeded by
Frederick Augustus Tritle
New title United States Senator from California
(Class 1)

Served alongside: William M. Gwin
Succeeded by
John B. Weller
Party political offices
Preceded by
New party
Republican Party Presidential Candidate
1856 (lost)
Succeeded by
Abraham Lincoln
Party political offices
(The Guns of the South)
Preceded by
New faction
Radical Republican presidential nominee
1864 (lost)
Succeeded by
Most recent