Jack London
Historical Figure
Nationality: United States
Date of Birth: 1876
Date of Death: 1916
Cause of Death: Jungle fever, complicated by uremia (rumors of suicide persist)
Occupation: Author of Fiction, Author of Non-Fiction, Journalist, Playwright, Poet, Rancher, Sailor
Spouse: Bessie Maddern (divorced 1904),
Charmian Kittredge
Children: Joan, Becky (by Bessie),
deceased infant (by Charmian)
Political Party: Socialist Party of America
Fictional Appearances:
The Gladiator
POD: Mid-20th Century
Earliest Known POD: October-November, 1962
Type of Appearance: Posthumous reference

Jack London (January 12, 1876 - November 22, 1916) was an American novelist, journalist, and social activist. A pioneer in the world of commercial magazine fiction, he was one of the first writers to become a worldwide celebrity and earn a large fortune from writing. He was also an innovator in the genre that would later become known as science fiction. He was also an advocate of unionization, socialism, and the rights of workers. While he's probably best remembered for his rugged adventure stories, including The Call of the Wild, White Fang, "To Build a Fire", "An Odyssey of the North", and "Love of Life", he wrote a number of political works, such as The Iron Heel.

Jack London in The Gladiator[]

After the Soviet Union won the Cold War, Jack London's staunch socialism ensured that his writings were still read and studied in the late 21st century. While his conventional adventure stories were popular, it was his novel The Iron Heel that was considered his most important work.[1]

Gianfranco Mazzilli had enjoyed London's adventure stories The Call of the Wild and "To Build a Fire," but found The Iron Heel to be quite boring.[2]


  1. The Gladiator, pgs. 23-25.
  2. Ibid.