The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the "League of Peace and Power", the "Five Nations"; the "Six Nations"; or the "People of the Longhouse") is a group of First Nations/Native Americans that originally consisted of five nations: the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Onondaga, the Cayuga, and the Seneca. A sixth tribe, the Tuscarora, joined after the original five nations were formed. Although frequently referred to as the Iroquois, the Nations refer to themselves collectively as Haudenosaunee (Akunęhsyę̀niˀ in Tuscarora).
Iroquois in The Two Georges[edit | edit source]
The Iroquois or Hodenosaunee allied themselves with Britain during the Seven Years' War. As a reward the British government did its best to limit the growth of white settlers westward in New York Province. Whites were banned from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains in 1763.
Over time, this policy proved ineffectual, and the ban was lifted in 1798. However, the Iroquois, aided by the wisdom of Sosehawa and other great thinkers, succeeded in using the delayed expansion to absorb British technologies and practices into their own society and form the province of The Six Nations where they predominated in population.
The Iroquois native religion was polytheistic, with Hawenneyu the Great Spirit being the chief deity.
The Iroquois organized themselves into eight clans broken down into two sets of four. One set consisted of the Wolf, the Bear, the Beaver and the Turtle clans. The other consisted of the Deer, the Snipe, the Heron and the Hawk clans. All men within a clan considered each other brothers and women sisters. To a lesser extent the same held for the other three clans in the grouping. This resulted in a strong incest taboo with marriage allowed only with those in the other four clans. Nevertheless, romantic love did occur within clans and the more desperate couples were known to flee The Six Nations to other parts of the North American Union, where Iroquois customs and laws did not apply.
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