Iroquois 5 Nation Map c1650.png

The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the "League of Peace and Power", the "Five Nations"; the "Six Nations"; or the "People of the Longhouse") is a group of First Nations/Native Americans that originally consisted of five nations: the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Onondaga, the Cayuga, and the Seneca. A sixth tribe, the Tuscarora, joined after the original five nations were formed. Although frequently referred to as the Iroquois, the Nations refer to themselves collectively as Haudenosaunee (Akunęhsyę̀niˀ in Tuscarora).

When Europeans first arrived in North America, the Confederacy was based in what is now the northeastern United States primarily in what is referred to today as upstate New York.

Iroquois in The Two Georges[]

The Iroquois or Hodenosaunee allied themselves with Great Britain during the Seven Years' War. As a reward the British government issued a proclamation in 1763 that prevented white settlers from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains.

Over time, this policy proved ineffectual, and the ban was lifted in 1798. However, George Washington was scrupulous about its enforcement during his term as Governor-General. The Iroquois, aided by the wisdom of Sosehawa and other great thinkers, succeeded in using the delayed expansion to absorb British technologies and practices into their own society and form the province of The Six Nations where they predominated in population.

The Iroquois native religion was polytheistic, with Hawenneyu the Great Spirit being the chief deity.

The Iroquois organized themselves into eight clans broken down into two sets of four. One set consisted of the Wolf, the Bear, the Beaver and the Turtle clans. The other consisted of the Deer, the Snipe, the Heron and the Hawk clans. All men within a clan considered each other brothers and women sisters. To a lesser extent the same held for the other three clans in the grouping. This resulted in a strong incest taboo with marriage allowed only with those in the other four clans. Nevertheless, romantic love did occur within clans and the more desperate couples were known to flee The Six Nations to other parts of the North American Union, where Iroquois customs and laws did not apply.

The Iroquois Scouts were an important military regiment of the British Empire.[1]

See also[]


  1. The Two Georges, pgs. 171, 179-180, HC.