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Iceland
739px-Map of Iceland svg
Iceland
Country
Continent: Europe
Capital: Reykjavik
National Language: Icelandic
Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
Status in OTL: Active

Iceland is a small, sparsely-populated island in the North Atlantic Ocean. It was uninhabited prior to AD 874, when Vikings began to colonize it. One of the oldest republics in the world, it was in the Norwegian, and later Danish, spheres of influence before acquiring complete autonomy during World War II. It is one of very few nations in the world without armed forces. The capital and largest city is Reykjavik.

A geologically young land, Iceland is located on both the Iceland hotspot and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, which runs right through it. This location means that the island is highly geologically active with many volcanoes, notably Hekla, Eldgjá, Herðubreið, and Eldfell. The volcanic eruption of Laki in 1783–1784 caused a famine that killed nearly a quarter of the island's population. In addition, the eruption caused dust clouds and haze to appear over most of Europe and parts of Asia and Africa for several months afterward, and affected climates in other areas.

Iceland in "The Sea Mother's Gift"Edit

In 1160 BC, a volcanic eruption in then-uninhabited Iceland, had a devastating effect on communities in northwest Europe, including the Orcadian agricultural communities.

Iceland in The Two GeorgesEdit

Iceland was part of Denmark's modest empire.[1]

Iceland in WorldwarEdit

Iceland was in a personal union with the King of Denmark until Denmark was conquered by Germany at the beginning of World War II, at which point the island was occupied by the Allied Forces. Under the terms of the Peace of Cairo in 1944, the island was jointly administered by the United States and Canada.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Map The Two Georges, frontispiece. Iceland is not relevant to the plot of the novel.
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