Hugo LaFayette Black (February 27, 1886 – September 25, 1971) was an American politician and jurist. A member of the Democratic Party, Black represented the state of Alabama in the United States Senate from 1926 to 1937, and served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1937 to 1971. Black was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the first of nine Roosevelt nominees to the Court. Black is widely regarded as one of the most influential Supreme Court justices in the 20th century.
The fifth longest-serving justice in Supreme Court history, Black is noted for his advocacy of a textualist reading of the United States Constitution and of the position that the liberties guaranteed in the Bill of Rights were imposed on the states ("incorporated") by the 14th Amendment. During his political career, Black was regarded as a staunch supporter of liberal policies and civil liberties. Certain of these decisions have often been examined through the prism of Black's membership in the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s.
Hugo Black in Joe Steele
Senator Hugo Black carried the votes of his home state of Alabama in the first ballot at the 1932 Democratic National Convention. However, as the voting progressed, and Joe Steele and Franklin D. Roosevelt emerged as the front-runners, Black's votes, like other lesser candidates from the southern states, went to Huey Long.
Hugo Black in Southern Victory
Hugo Black was a Confederate politician from Alabama. He was the Whig candidate for Vice President in 1933. When Black visited his home state for a stump-speech, Freedom Party Stalwarts started a riot with the Whigs in attendance. Black proclaimed the riot madness, and was forced to flee for his life.
Oscar W. Underwood
|United States Senator from Alabama
March 4, 1927 – August 19, 1937
Dixie B. Graves
Willis Van Devanter
|Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
August 18, 1937 – September 17, 1971
Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr.
|Party political offices|
Unknown, last known is Burton Mitchel
|Whig candidate for Vice President