Homo floresiensis (Flores Man, nicknamed "hobbit" after JRR Tolkien's fictional small people), is a pygmy archaic human which inhabited the island of Flores, Indonesia, until the arrival of modern humans about 50,000 years ago.

The remains of an individual who would have stood about 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) in height were discovered in 2003 at Liang Bua on the island of Flores in Indonesia. Partial skeletons of nine individuals have been recovered, including one complete skull, referred to as "LB1". These remains have been the subject of intense research to determine whether they represent a species distinct from modern humans; the dominant consensus is that these remains do represent a distinct species due to genetic and anatomical differences.

This hominid had originally been considered remarkable for its survival until relatively recent times, only 12,000 years ago. However, more extensive stratigraphic and chronological work has pushed the dating of the most recent evidence of its existence back to 50,000 years ago. The Homo floresiensis skeletal material is now dated from 60,000 to 100,000 years ago; stone tools recovered alongside the skeletal remains were from archaeological horizons ranging from 50,000 to 190,000 years ago.

Homo floresiensis in State of Jefferson[]

Homo floresiensis were a diminutive people from Flores Island, Indonesia. Beginning in the 16th century, the island's Portuguese colonists called them Duendes, a word that meant something like goblins or leprechauns. However, in the late 1960s or early 1970s, they came to be known (at least in the English-speaking world) as hobbits, due to the popularity of JRR Tolkien's works. They were believed to have a close common ancestor with Sasquatches and Yetis.[1]