Hermann van Pels (31 March 1898 - October 1944) was a German-Jewish businessman. He, his wife, Auguste, and their son Peter fled Germany for the Netherlands in 1937. They joined Anne Frank's family in hiding from 1942 to 1944, when they were betrayed. Hermann was sent directly to Auschwitz, where he was worked until his hand was injured, and he was selected for gassing mere months after his arrival; conflicting reports disagree whether this happened in September or October.
Hermann van Pels and his family joined the Frank family in hiding from 1942 for the duration of World War II, emerging from their hiding place, the Secret Annexe, only after the Netherlands were liberated in 1945. The eight people quickly dispersed.