Hawaii is a state in the United States, located on an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia. The state was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959, making it the 50th, and most recent (as of 2020) state. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oahu.
A substantial native population existed before European contact in 1778. Captain James Cook visited the islands on January 18, 1778 and named them the Sandwich Islands in honour of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, who was one of his sponsors. This name was in use by both Europeans and Americans until the 1840s, when the local name "Hawaii" gradually began to take precedence. Contemporaneously, the native chiefs were unified under one monarch in 1810. Western influence expanded via Christian missionaries and settlers throughout the 19th century.
By the 1870s, the death of the reigning monarch allowed American and European business interests to force a new constitution on the monarchy. Subsequent attempts by Hawaiian monarchs to reassert their autonomy were thwarted in 1893 when a company of US Marines landed in Hawaii. A short-lived republic was created until Hawaii was officially annexed by the U.S. in 1898.
- 1 Hawaii in "The Breaking of Nations"
- 2 Hawaii in The Case of the Toxic Spell Dump
- 3 Hawaii in Days of Infamy
- 4 Hawaii in The House of Daniel
- 5 Hawaii in "News From the Front"
- 6 Hawaii in Southern Victory
- 7 Hawaii in Supervolcano
- 8 Hawaii in The Two Georges
- 9 Hawaii in The War That Came Early
- 10 Hawaii in Worldwar
- 11 See also
- 12 References
Hawaii in "The Breaking of Nations"
In 2031, the state of Hawaii supported Pacifica. The Governor of Hawaii texted Pacifica's acting president, Nicole Yoshida, explaining that Hawaii wanted to secede, but couldn't thanks to the USA's substantial military presence.
Hawaii in The Case of the Toxic Spell Dump
The Sandwich Islands were one of the Confederated Provinces, located far from the mainland in the middle of the Peaceful Ocean. The thecology of the Sandwich Islands had been greatly damaged by medvamps by the late 20th century. When David Fisher recounted this to a protestor who opposed aerial garlic spraying, the latter said he didn't care about the Sandwich Islands, and would rather live with medvamps than have his back yard turn into an Italian deli.
Hawaii in Days of Infamy
The Empire of Japan invaded the U.S. territory of Hawaii beginning with an attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. By mid-1942, the Japanese had subdued the remaining American resistance on the islands and also installed a puppet government under Stanley Owana Laanui, who had agreed to become the monarch of the reconstituted Kingdom of Hawaii.
The Japanese occupation of Hawaii was harsh, particularly for American prisoners of war who were imprisoned in camps, where they were worked to death. The citizenry was subject to the whims of the occupiers. Curfews were imposed, rationing was at a bare minimum, and civilians and POWs alike were expected to bow to Japanese soldiers as they passed on the street.
In June 1942, the United States sent a fleet of three aircraft carriers and assorted troopships and destroyers to retake the islands. The Japanese navy met the Americans, sinking two of the carriers (the USS Saratoga and the Yorktown) and forcing a retreat. Embarrassed, the United States continued its production. In 1943, the United States returned, with a massive fleet, comprised of some seven aircraft carriers, five light carriers, close to a dozen escort carriers, several destroyers, and troop carriers. This invasion proved to be the end of Japanese rule in Hawaii, as the Japanese naval contingent was destroyed, and the Japanese supply line, already taxed, was broken completely. American forces landed at Oahu, and after a period of bitter fighting, were able to subdue Japan's ground forces. Many of Japan's most able military officers were killed.
Hawaii then became the launching pad for the American war effort in the Pacific theater.
Hawaii in The House of Daniel
The Sandwich Islands were a proverbial vacation spot.
Hawaii in "News From the Front"
Hawaii in Southern Victory
During the latter half of the 19th century, the Sandwich Islands had become a British colony in the Pacific Ocean. Hawaii, the native name for these islands, was used only by a few locals, and generally unknown in the rest of the world. During the Second Mexican War in 1881, the Royal navy had steamed from its main base at Pearl Harbour to bombard the US West Coast cities of Seattle and San Francisco. In the years following the war, the islands allowed the British Pacific Fleet to keep the United States West Coast in check, while the islands' inhabitants began to adopt British style customs and architecture.
In the opening days of the Great War, in August 1914, the Sandwich Islands were taken from the British Royal navy by the American Pacific Fleet (minus the North Pacific Squadron in Seattle) along with a regiment of Marines and a U.S. Army division. Following that, the Islands became a strategically important U.S. base well into the next war.
At least some of the islands' Polynesian inhabitants were displeased with the change and felt a lingering sympathy for the former British administration. Sam Carsten, then a sailor on leave, suspected that John Liholiho, a Polynesian nobleman with whom he had a casual conversation on the shore, was spying for the British. Carsten reported his suspicions, which were confirmed - leading to Liholiho being executed and Carsten being promoted.
During the Pacific War (1932-34), the Empire of Japan launched attacks on the Sandwich Islands, but made no sizable gains. However, the Japanese executed a successful air raid on the city of Los Angeles on the American west coast while President Hosea Blackford was visiting it on a campaign stop in late 1932. The war was ended early in 1934 by President Herbert Hoover.
In the ensuing Second Great War, Japan took, and attempted to use Midway as a base to invade the Islands, but lacked the resources to maintain such an enterprise, and withdrew to invade British Malaya.
Hawaii in Supervolcano
Hawaii held up well after the Yellowstone Supervolcano had erupted, so much so that it did everything but sow mines in the Pacific Ocean to discourage new arrivals. If it could have sustained its existing population with local grown food, it might well have sought to regain its aboriginal independence from the USA.
Hawaii in The Two Georges
Hawaii in The War That Came Early
On Saturday, January 11, 1941, local time, Hawaii was attacked by forces from the Empire of Japan. The attack was part of an overall military operation, which also saw Japanese attacks on Manila, Indonesia, and British Malaya. Comparatively speaking, the attack on Hawaii was minor, as American forces were able to respond quickly, whereas in Manila, where it was Sunday morning, January 12, local time, American forces were caught completely off-guard. Still, Japanese forces were able to sink an aircraft carrier, a battle wagon, and destroy some of the fuel stores. Though later on the attack proved to be much more devastating than many thought. Millions of gallons of fuel had burnt up, still sending up puffs of smoke months later. Thousands of engineers were needed to repair the damage done by the Japanese. In mid-1941, Hawaii became a launching pad for the US Pacific fleet.
Throughout the remainder of the year, the U.S Navy regrouped and resupplied at Hawaii, with a special emphasis on building a fleet of fighter planes and aircraft carriers. As Winter 1941 approached, a fleet including the USS Ranger (a carrier), the USS Boise, three destroyers and a heavy cruiser steamed out of Hawaii to once again meet the Japanese. However, the subsequent Battle of the Java Sea was a terrible defeat for the over-confident and badly coordinated allies. Japan was able to consolidate its hold in Southeast Asia, and began to redouble it attacks on Hawaii. Determined to regain momentum, the U.S. launched the largest task force the world had ever seen against in an attempt to retake Wake Island. That subsequent battle proved an even greater disaster for the U.S. than Java Sea, with the US losing all of its aircraft carriers. Midway fell shortly after, leaving Hawaii as the USA's most forward defense post.
1944 proved to be the turning point in the Pacific. While Japan had free reign to bomb Hawaii with relative impunity throughout 1942 and into 1943,, even using biological weapons, by early 1944, a dramatic raid on Midway succeeded in driving the Japanese out, and Hawaii was now safe from further Japanese attacks.
Hawaii in Worldwar
- Alaska, the 49th state in OTL. In the State of Jefferson Stories, Alaska is the 50th state (with Hawaii being 51st), due to the admission of Jefferson as the 49th state in 1919.
- And the Last Trump Shall Sound, pg. 18, loc. 221, ebook.
- The Case of the Toxic Spell Dump, p. 76.
- American Front, pgs. 58-61, HC.
- Things Fall Apart, pg. 348, HC.
- See The Two Georges map.
- Ibid., p. 142, MPB.
- The Big Switch, pg. 398.
- Ibid., pg. 399.
- Ibid., pg. 345.
- Ibid., pgs. 166-168.
- Ibid., pgs. 279-282.
- Last Orders, pgs. 191-194.
- Striking the Balance, pg. 497.