Hadrian's Wall (Latin: Vallum Aelium), also called the Roman Wall, Picts' Wall, or Vallum Hadriani in Latin, was a defensive fortification in the Roman province of Britannia, begun in AD 122 in the reign of the Emperor Hadrian. It ran from the banks of the River Tyne near the North Sea to the Solway Firth on the Irish Sea, and was the northern limit of the Empire, immediately north of which were the lands of the northernmost ancient Britons, including the Picts.

It had a stone base and a stone wall. There were milecastles with two turrets in between. There was a fort about every five Roman miles. From north to south, the wall comprised a ditch, wall, military way and vallum, another ditch with adjoining mounds. It is thought the milecastles were staffed with static garrisons, whereas the forts had fighting garrisons of infantry and cavalry. In addition to the wall's defensive military role, its gates may have been customs posts.

A significant portion of the wall still stands and can be followed on foot along the adjoining Hadrian's Wall Path.

Hadrian's Wall in "Merchants of Discord"[]

As a number of forts and settlements were established along the Wall in Britannia, merchants often traveled along it to various markets. At the fort at Brocolitia, a merchant named Tertullus murdered another merchant named Secundinius. Tertullus was brought to justice by Quintus Vestinus Corvus, the decurion of Brocolitia.[1]


  1. Crime through Time III, pgs. 28-44, mmp.