Francis Bacon, Baron Verulam, 1st Viscount St Alban KC QC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was a philosopher, statesman, and author, who served as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. He is also known as a catalyst of the scientific revolution. He fell from political grace after being convicted of taking bribes.
Since the 19th century, Bacon has been suggested as the "real" author of some or all of the works of William Shakespeare. While this notion is wholly unsubstantiated, it retains many followers and has inspired many parodies in popular culture.