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Florence (Firenze in Italian) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence.

The city lies on the River Arno. It was historically important in the Middle Ages and in the Renaissance, especially for its art and architecture. A center of medieval European trade and finance, the city is often considered the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance; in fact, it has been called the Athens of the Middle Ages. It was long under the de facto rule of the Medici family. From 1865 to 1870 the city was also the capital of the Kingdom of Italy before it took control of Rome.

Florence in "But It Does Move"[]

Galileo had been investigated by the Catholic Church in his native Florence in 1633, but Pope Urban VIII decided Galileo should come to Rome.

Florence in "The Fake Pandemic"[]

Thanks to the efforts of Martinus Paduei, Florence became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.[1]

In 538, Roman quaestor Tribonian traveled to Florence as an envoy for Emperor Justinian. While he was impressed with the innovations Martinus shared with Italy, he generally found Florence itself pedestrian compared with Constantinople.[2]

Florence in "Clash of Arms"[]

Niccolo dello Bosco told Stephen de Windesore that he hailed from Firenze. He was in fact from a less inviting place.

Florence in Through Darkest Europe[]

Khalid al-Zarzisi and Dawud ibn Musa's Italian mission took them through Florence at one point. They were deputized by Army Captain Enrico Pavarotti during a firefight against the local Aquinists.[3]


  1. See, Lest Darkness Fall by L. Sprague de Camp, generally.
  2. Lest Darkness Fall & Timeless Tales Written in Tribute (second edition), pgs. 376-380, loc. 4911-4966.
  3. Through Darkest Europe, pgs. 155-162, HC.