Enver Hoxha
Historical Figure
Nationality: Albania (born in Ottoman Empire)
Date of Birth: 1908
Date of Death: 1985
Cause of Death: Cardiac arrhythmia
Religion: Atheist (formerly Islam)
Occupation: Politician, Revolutionary
Spouse: Nexhmije Xhuglini
Children: Ilir, Sokol (sons)
Pranvera (daughter)
Political Party: Party of Labour of Albania
Political Office(s): Prime Minister of Albania, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Fictional Appearances:
The Gladiator
POD: Mid-20th Century
Earliest Known POD: October-November, 1962
Type of Appearance: Posthumous references
Date of Death: Unrevealed
Political Office: Leader (title unknown) of Albania

Enver Hoxha (16 October 1908 – 11 April 1985) was the leader of the People's Republic of Albania from the end of World War II until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Communist Albanian Party of Labour. He was also Prime Minister of Albania from 1944 to 1954 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1946 to 1953.

Like his neighbor Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia, Hoxha resisted Soviet attempts to gain influence in the capitals of Eastern European Communist nations. However, while Tito made Yugoslavia into a highly sought-after strategic partner for players in all camps of the Cold War, Hoxha led Albania into diplomatic isolation, leaving his country without diplomatic or economic partnerships of any significance whatsoever. This contributed to Albania having the lowest standard of living in Europe during most of Hoxha's time in power. He also had a terrible human rights record, and sanctioned the operation of forced labor camps such as the Spaç Prison, where political opponents of Hoxha's regime were interred, often on trumped-up charges and following little or no judicial proceedings.

Enver Hoxha in The Gladiator[]

After the Soviet Union won the Cold War, Enver Hoxha was considered a heroic figure in the communist world, even though he had broken with the Soviet Union after Joseph Stalin attempted to completely subsume Albania.[1] Albania's neighbour, the Italian People's Republic, even named a school in Milan in Hoxha's honor, even though Italians generally saw Albanians as bumpkins. [2]


  1. The Gladiator, pg. 210.
  2. Ibid., pg. 13.
Political offices
Preceded by
New creation
Chairman of the Council of Ministers (Head of Government) of Albania
24 October 1944 – 18 July 1954
Succeeded by
Mehmet Shehu
Preceded by
Omer Nishani
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Albania
Succeeded by
Behar Shtylla
Party political offices
Preceded by
New creation
First Secretary of the Party of Labour of Albania
8 November 1941 – 11 April 1985
Succeeded by
Ramiz Alia